Community Health Status Indicators (CHSI 2015)
CHSI 2015 is an interactive web application that produces health profiles for all 3,143 counties in the United States. Each profile includes key indicators of health outcomes, which describe the population health status of a county and factors that have the potential to influence health outcomes, such as health care access and quality, health behaviors, social factors and the physical environment.
The social factors and the physical environment are especially important because they represent the conditions in which people are born, work, and play. Neighborhoods with affordable healthy food, safe and accessible housing, and quality employment opportunities can positively influence behaviors and help to create healthy lifestyles. The World Health Organization and others call the living conditions that can affect health and quality of life the “social determinants of health”.
Healthy People (HP) 2020 highlights the importance of addressing the social determinants of health by including as one of its four overarching goals, “Create social and physical environments that promote good health for all”. CHSI 2015 supports this goal by including a broad range of indicators, including multiple indicators related to the social and physical environment.
CHSI 2015 Goals
Improve the ability of stakeholders to:
- Assess community health status and identify disparities.
- Promote a shared understanding of the wide range of factors that drive health.
- Mobilize multi-sector partnerships to work collaboratively to improve population health.
- Summary Comparison Page - “at a glance” graphic of how a county compares to those of its peers for all indicators.
- Distribution Bar Charts of each indicator value benchmarked against peer counties, all U.S. counties, and HP 2020 objectives, where applicable.
- Tract Maps and Indicators by age group, sex, and race/ethnicity to identify potential health disparities.