A syndrome characterized by acute onset of meningeal symptoms, fever, and cerebrospinal fluid pleocytosis, with bacteriologically sterile cultures. (See Encephalitis, Arboviral.)
Laboratory Criteria for Diagnosis
No evidence of bacterial or fungal meningitis
A clinically compatible illness diagnosed by a physician as aseptic meningitis, with no laboratory evidence of bacterial or fungal meningitis
Aseptic meningitis is a syndrome of multiple etiologies, but many cases are caused by a viral agent.
The 1990 case definition appearing on this page was re-published in the 1997 MMWR
Recommendations and Reports titled Case Definitions for Infectious Conditions Under Public Health Surveillance
Thus, the 1990 and 1997 versions of the case definition are identical.
- CDC. (1997). Case Definitions for Infectious Conditions Under Public Health Surveillance. MMWR, 46(RR-10), 1-55. http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/00047449.htm