Table of Contents

Component Description

The smoking - cigarette use (variable name prefix SMQ) data set provides a history of cigarette use, age at initiation, past 30 day use, cigarette brand, sub-brand and other related details. Questions on ever use of cigars, smokeless tobacco, and electronic nicotine delivery systems (including e-cigarettes) are new for 2015-16 (18 years and older). 

Eligible Sample

All participants aged 12 years and older were eligible. For participants aged 12-17 years, there were no proxy interviews. Questions are limited for youths 12-17 years. Each variable in this documentation provides the target age.

Interview Setting and Mode of Administration

For adults aged 18 years or older, questions were asked, in the home, by trained interviewers using the Computer-Assisted Personal Interview (CAPI) system. For youths aged 12-17 years, the questions were asked at the Mobile Examination Center (MEC) during the MEC Interview using the Audio Computer-Assisted Self-Interview (ACASI) system, in English and Spanish only.

Quality Assurance & Quality Control

The CAPI and ACASI systems are programmed with built-in consistency checks to reduce data entry errors. CAPI also uses online help screens to assist interviewers in defining key terms used in the questionnaire.

Data Processing and Editing

During post-data collection, some edits were made to ensure completeness, consistency and analytic usefulness of the data. For example, for 28 persons, reported current smoking status (SMQ040) was changed from “some day” to “every day” smoker. This was based on responses to SMQ641 where these same persons reported smoking cigarettes >25 days in the past 30 days. Because the edits were made post-data collection, these 28 persons were not eligible for the laboratory special smoking sample, and will therefore not have the smoking subsample weights. Analysts should be aware that not all inconsistencies in the data file were identified or edited.

A special variable, SMAQUEX was created as a flag to designate each interview mode.

Analytic Notes

SMDUPCA: The Universal Product Code (UPC) from the cigarette pack barcode and name was matched to an data base of domestic and imported cigarettes (based on Nielsen U.S. tobacco sales) containing UPC, cigarette name, sub-brand, package color, as well as filter, length and menthol designation. The UPC was not matched for 69 persons who showed interviewers their packs. For a select number of brands, the data base also included mean tar, nicotine and CO levels (SMD100TR, SMD100NI, SMD100CO) obtained from the Federal Trade Commission.

SMD100BR: This variable includes the cigarette brand for persons who showed their cigarette pack at the interview (SMD093=1) and persons who did not have their pack (SMD093=2), but reported a usual brand. The cigarette brand was not identified for 4 respondents who provided a cigarette pack.

SMQ661: Data collection questions on cigarette brands for youth aged 12-17 years were modified in 2013-2014, and are released as SMQ661. SMQ665A—SMQ665D show product sub-brand names. Data on brand of usual cigarette for youths is very limited.

SMQ925: Persons who reported never having smoked 100 cigarettes (SMQ020 not equal 1) were asked about ever smoking a cigarette “even one time,” and up to three follow-up questions (SMQ930: Age when smoked first cigarette, SMQ935: Do you now smoke cigarettes, SMQ080: Number of days smoked in past 30 days). These variables are separated in this data file from similar questions asked when SMQ020=1. Note also that this series of questions is only for the 2015-2016 survey cycle.

Note that for three data release cycle files (1999-2004), all of the tobacco use data obtained for youths during the MEC ACASI interview was released in the SMQMEC data files, and tobacco use data for adults was released in both the SMQ and SMQMEC data files. Beginning in 2005-2006, the data file release format was altered, combining data collection modes, and dividing the data by topic for all ages between two files: SMQ (cigarette use as reported in the home interview) and SMQRTU (recent tobacco use as reported in the MEC). In addition, in 2013-14, the age range changed by mode; the ACASI in the MEC was used only of youths aged 12-17 years. When combining multiple years of tobacco data, analysts are advised to refer to all tobacco-related codebooks and carefully review the target age for each variable in the relevant data files.

Analysts are advised to consult the “variable names across cycles,” listing found at the end of this documentation for clarification of all changes in 2015-16. Additional questions on tobacco use and exposure are located in SMQRTU, SMQFAM and SMQSHS data files. Biochemical indicators of tobacco exposure, including serum cotinine, are available in several laboratory data files.

The NHANES full sample 2-Year MEC Exam Weights (WTMEC2YR) should be used to analyze the 2015-2016 SMQ variables in conjunction with the laboratory measurements on tobacco exposure or other examination measurements. In addition, the smoking subsample weights are available for analysis with certain laboratory data files.

Please refer to the NHANES Analytic Guidelines and the on-line NHANES Tutorial for further details on the use of sample weights and other analytic issues.

Codebook and Frequencies

SEQN - Respondent sequence number

Variable Name:
SEQN
SAS Label:
Respondent sequence number
English Text:
Respondent sequence number.
Target:
Both males and females 12 YEARS - 150 YEARS

SMQ020 - Smoked at least 100 cigarettes in life

Variable Name:
SMQ020
SAS Label:
Smoked at least 100 cigarettes in life
English Text:
These next questions are about cigarette smoking and other tobacco use. {Have you/Has SP} smoked at least 100 cigarettes in {your/his/her} entire life?
Target:
Both males and females 18 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
1 Yes 2422 2422
2 No 3559 5981 SMQ925
7 Refused 2 5983 SMQ925
9 Don't know 9 5992 SMQ925
. Missing 1009 7001

SMD030 - Age started smoking cigarettes regularly

Variable Name:
SMD030
SAS Label:
Age started smoking cigarettes regularly
English Text:
How old {were you/was SP} when {you/s/he} first started to smoke cigarettes fairly regularly?
English Instructions:
ENTER AGE IN YEARS
Target:
Both males and females 18 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
7 to 58 Range of Values 2328 2328
0 Never smoked cigarettes regularly 77 2405
777 Refused 2 2407
999 Don't know 15 2422
. Missing 4579 7001

SMQ040 - Do you now smoke cigarettes?

Variable Name:
SMQ040
SAS Label:
Do you now smoke cigarettes?
English Text:
{Do you/Does SP} now smoke cigarettes?
Target:
Both males and females 18 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
1 Every day 832 832 SMQ078
2 Some days 268 1100 SMD641
3 Not at all 1322 2422
7 Refused 0 2422 SMAQUEX2
9 Don't know 0 2422 SMAQUEX2
. Missing 4579 7001

SMQ050Q - How long since quit smoking cigarettes

Variable Name:
SMQ050Q
SAS Label:
How long since quit smoking cigarettes
English Text:
How long has it been since {you/SP} quit smoking cigarettes?
English Instructions:
ENTER NUMBER (OF DAYS, WEEKS, MONTHS OR YEARS)
Target:
Both males and females 18 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
1 to 49 Range of Values 1262 1262
66666 50 years or more 50 1312
77777 Refused 0 1312
99999 Don't know 10 1322
. Missing 5679 7001

SMQ050U - Unit of measure (day/week/month/year)

Variable Name:
SMQ050U
SAS Label:
Unit of measure (day/week/month/year)
English Text:
UNIT OF MEASURE
English Instructions:
ENTER UNIT
Target:
Both males and females 18 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
1 Days 14 14
2 Weeks 20 34
3 Months 104 138
4 Years 1124 1262
7 Refused 0 1262
9 Don't know 0 1262
. Missing 5739 7001

SMD055 - Age last smoked cigarettes regularly

Variable Name:
SMD055
SAS Label:
Age last smoked cigarettes regularly
English Text:
How old {were you/was SP} when {you/s/he} last smoked cigarettes {fairly regularly}?
English Instructions:
ENTER AGE IN YEARS.
Target:
Both males and females 18 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
13 to 79 Range of Values 1176 1176
80 80 years or older 6 1182
777 Refused 0 1182
999 Don't know 19 1201
. Missing 5800 7001

SMD057 - # cigarettes smoked per day when quit

Variable Name:
SMD057
SAS Label:
# cigarettes smoked per day when quit
English Text:
At that time, about how many cigarettes did {you/SP} usually smoke per day?
English Instructions:
1 PACK EQUALS 20 CIGARETTES. IF LESS THAN 1 PER DAY, ENTER 1. IF 95 OR MORE PER DAY, ENTER 95. ENTER NUMBER (OF CIGARETTES).
Target:
Both males and females 18 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Hard Edits:
1 to 95
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
2 to 90 Range of Values 1199 1199
1 1 cigarette or less 103 1302
95 95 cigarettes or more 3 1305
777 Refused 0 1305
999 Don't know 17 1322
. Missing 5679 7001

SMQ078 - How soon after waking do you smoke

Variable Name:
SMQ078
SAS Label:
How soon after waking do you smoke
English Text:
How soon after you wake up do you smoke? Would you say . . .
Target:
Both males and females 12 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
1 Within 5 minutes 210 210
2 From 6 to 30 minutes 269 479
3 From more than 30 minutes to one hour 162 641
4 From more than 1 hour to 2 hours 95 736
5 From more than 2 hours to 3 hours 36 772
6 From more than 3 hours to 4 hours 10 782
7 More than 4 hours 43 825
77 Refused 0 825
99 Don't know 3 828
. Missing 6173 7001

SMD641 - # days smoked cigs during past 30 days

Variable Name:
SMD641
SAS Label:
# days smoked cigs during past 30 days
English Text:
On how many of the past 30 days did {you/SP} smoke a cigarette?
English Instructions:
ENTER NUMBER (OF DAYS)
Target:
Both males and females 12 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Hard Edits:
0 to 30
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
0 to 30 Range of Values 1160 1160
77 Refused 0 1160
99 Don't know 2 1162
. Missing 5839 7001

SMD650 - Avg # cigarettes/day during past 30 days

Variable Name:
SMD650
SAS Label:
Avg # cigarettes/day during past 30 days
English Text:
During the past 30 days, on the days that {you/SP} smoked, about how many cigarettes did {you/s/he} smoke per day?
English Instructions:
1 PACK EQUALS 20 CIGARETTES. IF LESS THAN 1 PER DAY, ENTER 1. IF 95 OR MORE PER DAY, ENTER 95. ENTER NUMBER (OF CIGARETTES) (PER DAY).
Target:
Both males and females 12 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Hard Edits:
1 to 95
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
2 to 60 Range of Values 1017 1017
1 1 cigarette or less 89 1106
95 95 cigarettes or more 1 1107
777 Refused 0 1107
999 Don't know 2 1109
. Missing 5892 7001

SMD093 - May I please see the pack of cigarettes

Variable Name:
SMD093
SAS Label:
May I please see the pack of cigarettes
English Text:
May I please see the pack for the brand of cigarettes {you usually smoke/SP usually smokes}.
Target:
Both males and females 18 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
1 Yes 768 768
2 No 241 1009 SMD100BR
3 No usual brand 45 1054 SMQ670
4 Rolls own 43 1097 SMD100BR
7 Refused 3 1100
9 Don't know 0 1100
. Missing 5901 7001

SMDUPCA - Cig 12-digit Universal Product Code-UPC

Variable Name:
SMDUPCA
SAS Label:
Cig 12-digit Universal Product Code-UPC
English Text:
Cigarette 12-digit Universal Product Code (UPC)
English Instructions:
Variable type - Character $12
Target:
Both males and females 18 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
Cig 12-digit Universal Product Code-UPC Value was recorded 695 695
* NO MATCH * No match 69 764
< blank > Missing 6237 7001

SMD100BR - Cigarette Brand/sub-brand

Variable Name:
SMD100BR
SAS Label:
Cigarette Brand/sub-brand
English Text:
BRAND OF CIGARETTES SMOKED BY SP (SUB-BRAND INCLUDED IF APPLICABLE AND AVAILABLE)
English Instructions:
Variable type - Character $50
Target:
Both males and females 18 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
1ST CLASS 1ST CLASS 1 1
305'S 305'S 14 15
305'S BLUE 305'S BLUE 8 23
305'S GOLD 305'S GOLD 4 27
305'S SILVER 305'S SILVER 2 29
BASIC GOLD BASIC GOLD 1 30
BENSON & HEDGES BENSON & HEDGES 2 32
BENSON & HEDGES SILVER BENSON & HEDGES SILVER 1 33
BRONCO BRONCO 1 34
CAMEL CAMEL 17 51
CAMEL 99'S CAMEL 99'S 1 52
CAMEL 99'S GOLD CAMEL 99'S GOLD 2 54
CAMEL BLUE CAMEL BLUE 17 71
CAMEL CRUSH CAMEL CRUSH 20 91
CAMEL CRUSH BOLD CAMEL CRUSH BOLD 3 94
CAMEL CRUSH FRESH CAMEL CRUSH FRESH 10 104
CAMEL CRUSH SILVER CAMEL CRUSH SILVER 4 108
CAMEL TURKISH ROYAL CAMEL TURKISH ROYAL 3 111
CAMEL WIDES BLUE CAMEL WIDES BLUE 1 112
CAPRI INDIGO CAPRI INDIGO 3 115
CAPRI MAGENTA CAPRI MAGENTA 1 116
CHEROKEE CHEROKEE 1 117
CHEYENNE RED CHEYENNE RED 1 118
CLASSIC CLASSIC 2 120
COMMONWEALTH COMMONWEALTH 3 123
CRAVEN A CRAVEN A 2 125
DAVIDOFF DAVIDOFF 1 126
DJARUM DJARUM 1 127
DORAL DORAL 3 130
DORAL GOLD DORAL GOLD 3 133
DORAL RED DORAL RED 1 134
DORAL SILVER DORAL SILVER 1 135
DTC DTC 2 137
DUNHILL DUNHILL 2 139
EAGLE 20's EAGLE 20's 1 140
EAGLE 20's GOLD EAGLE 20's GOLD 1 141
EAGLE 20's RED EAGLE 20's RED 2 143
EAGLE 20's SILVER EAGLE 20's SILVER 1 144
ECHO ECHO 1 145
EDGEFIELD EDGEFIELD 1 146
GRAND PRIX RED GRAND PRIX RED 1 147
GRAND PRIX SILVER GRAND PRIX SILVER 1 148
KING MOUNTAIN GOLD KING MOUNTAIN GOLD 2 150
KOOL KOOL 17 167
KOOL SUPER LONGS KOOL SUPER LONGS 2 169
L & M L & M 25 194
L & M BLUE L & M BLUE 5 199
L & M RED L & M RED 5 204
LIGGETT SELECT RED LIGGETT SELECT RED 1 205
MALIBU MALIBU 1 206
MARLBORO MARLBORO 163 369
MARLBORO BLACK MARLBORO BLACK 12 381
MARLBORO BLEND NO. 27 MARLBORO BLEND NO. 27 10 391
MARLBORO BLEND NO. 54 MARLBORO BLEND NO. 54 1 392
MARLBORO BLUE MARLBORO BLUE 1 393
MARLBORO EDGE BLACK MARLBORO EDGE BLACK 3 396
MARLBORO GOLD MARLBORO GOLD 104 500
MARLBORO GREEN MARLBORO GREEN 19 519
MARLBORO MIDNIGHT BLACK MARLBORO MIDNIGHT BLACK 2 521
MARLBORO NXT BLACK MARLBORO NXT BLACK 3 524
MARLBORO NXT GREEN MARLBORO NXT GREEN 2 526
MARLBORO RED MARLBORO RED 6 532
MARLBORO SILVER MARLBORO SILVER 23 555
MARLBORO SKYLINE MARLBORO SKYLINE 1 556
MAVERICK MAVERICK 21 577
MAVERICK GOLD MAVERICK GOLD 2 579
MAVERICK RED MAVERICK RED 1 580
MG AMERICAN BLEND MG AMERICAN BLEND 1 581
MISTY BLUE MISTY BLUE 1 582
MISTY GREEN MISTY GREEN 11 593
MISTY ROSE MISTY ROSE 2 595
MONTCLAIR MONTCLAIR 1 596
NATIVE NATIVE 5 601
NATURAL AMERICAN SPIRIT NATURAL AMERICAN SPIRIT 20 621
NATURAL BLEND NATURAL BLEND 3 624
NEWPORT NEWPORT 229 853
NEWPORT BLUE NEWPORT BLUE 1 854
NEWPORT GOLD NEWPORT GOLD 7 861
PALL MALL PALL MALL 12 873
PALL MALL BLACK PALL MALL BLACK 1 874
PALL MALL BLUE PALL MALL BLUE 16 890
PALL MALL ORANGE PALL MALL ORANGE 5 895
PALL MALL RED PALL MALL RED 26 921
PALL MALL WHITE PALL MALL WHITE 2 923
PARLIAMENT PARLIAMENT 3 926
PARLIAMENT WHITE PARLIAMENT WHITE 1 927
PYRAMID PYRAMID 3 930
PYRAMID BLUE PYRAMID BLUE 2 932
PYRAMID GOLD PYRAMID GOLD 2 934
PYRAMID ORANGE PYRAMID ORANGE 3 937
PYRAMID RED PYRAMID RED 5 942
PYRAMID RICH GREEN PYRAMID RICH GREEN 1 943
PYRAMID SILVER PYRAMID SILVER 1 944
QUALITY DELUXE QUALITY DELUXE 1 945
SALEM SALEM 3 948
SALEM GOLD SALEM GOLD 5 953
SALEM GREEN SALEM GREEN 1 954
SENECA SENECA 10 964
SENECA BLUE SENECA BLUE 1 965
SILVER EAGLE SILVER EAGLE 1 966
SONOMA SONOMA 3 969
STATE EXPRESS 555 STATE EXPRESS 555 1 970
TIMELESS TIME TIMELESS TIME 2 972
TIMELESS TIME RED TIMELESS TIME RED 5 977
USA GOLD USA GOLD 6 983
USA SILVER USA SILVER 1 984
VIRGINIA SLIMS VIRGINIA SLIMS 3 987
VIRGINIA SLIMS GOLD VIRGINIA SLIMS GOLD 2 989
VIRGINIA SLIMS SILVER VIRGINIA SLIMS SILVER 1 990
VIRGINIA SLIMS SUPERSLIMS VIRGINIA SLIMS SUPERSLIMS 2 992
WAVE WAVE 3 995
WESTPORT WESTPORT 1 996
WINSTON WINSTON 4 1000
WINSTON RED WINSTON RED 4 1004
< blank > Missing 5997 7001

SMD100FL - Cigarette Filter type

Variable Name:
SMD100FL
SAS Label:
Cigarette Filter type
English Text:
CIGARETTE PRODUCT FILTERED OR NON-FILTERED
Target:
Both males and females 18 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
0 Non-filter 9 9
1 Filter 995 1004
. Missing 5997 7001

SMD100MN - Cigarette Menthol indicator

Variable Name:
SMD100MN
SAS Label:
Cigarette Menthol indicator
English Text:
CIGARETTE PRODUCT MENTHOLATED OR NON-MENTHOLATED
Target:
Both males and females 18 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
0 Non-menthol 575 575
1 Menthol 429 1004
. Missing 5997 7001

SMD100LN - Cigarette Length

Variable Name:
SMD100LN
SAS Label:
Cigarette Length
English Text:
CIGARETTE PRODUCT LENGTH
Target:
Both males and females 18 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
1 Regular (68-72 mm) 67 67
2 King (79-88 mm) 538 605
3 Long (94-101 mm) 388 993
4 Ultra long (110-121 mm) 11 1004
. Missing 5997 7001

SMD100TR - FTC Tar Content

Variable Name:
SMD100TR
SAS Label:
FTC Tar Content
English Text:
CIGARETTE TAR CONTENT
Target:
Both males and females 18 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
6 to 24 Range of Values 752 752
. Missing 6249 7001

SMD100NI - FTC Nicotine Content

Variable Name:
SMD100NI
SAS Label:
FTC Nicotine Content
English Text:
CIGARETTE NICOTINE CONTENT
Target:
Both males and females 18 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
0.5 to 2 Range of Values 752 752
. Missing 6249 7001

SMD100CO - FTC Carbon Monoxide Content

Variable Name:
SMD100CO
SAS Label:
FTC Carbon Monoxide Content
English Text:
CIGARETTE CARBON MONOXIDE CONTENT
Target:
Both males and females 18 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
1 to 19 Range of Values 752 752
. Missing 6249 7001

SMQ621 - Cigarettes smoked in entire life

Variable Name:
SMQ621
SAS Label:
Cigarettes smoked in entire life
English Text:
The following questions are about cigarette smoking and other tobacco use. Do not include cigars or marijuana. About how many cigarettes have you smoked in your entire life?
English Instructions:
INSTRUCTIONS TO SP: Please select . . .
Target:
Both males and females 12 YEARS - 17 YEARS
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
1 I have never smoked, not even a puff 832 832 SMAQUEX2
2 1 or more puffs but never a whole cigarette 55 887 SMAQUEX2
3 1 cigarette 12 899
4 2 to 5 cigarettes 22 921
5 6 to 15 cigarettes 9 930
6 16 to 25 cigarettes 10 940
7 26 to 99 cigarettes 6 946
8 100 or more cigarettes 3 949
77 Refused 1 950 SMAQUEX2
99 Don't know 0 950 SMAQUEX2
. Missing 6051 7001

SMD630 - Age first smoked whole cigarette

Variable Name:
SMD630
SAS Label:
Age first smoked whole cigarette
English Text:
How old were you when you smoked a whole cigarette for the first time?
Target:
Both males and females 12 YEARS - 17 YEARS
Hard Edits:
6 to 19
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
9 to 17 Range of Values 60 60
6 6 years or less 2 62
77 Refused 0 62 SMAQUEX2
99 Don't know 0 62 SMAQUEX2
. Missing 6939 7001

SMQ661 - Brand of cigarettes smoked past 30 days

Variable Name:
SMQ661
SAS Label:
Brand of cigarettes smoked past 30 days
English Text:
During the past 30 days, on the days that you smoked, which brand of cigarettes did you usually smoke?
English Instructions:
INSTRUCTIONS TO SP: Please select one of the following choices
Target:
Both males and females 12 YEARS - 17 YEARS
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
1 Marlboro 8 8
2 Camel 3 11 SMQ665B
3 Newport 4 15 SMQ665C
8 Other brand 3 18 SMQ665D
9 No usual brand 4 22 SMQ670
10 Hand-rolled cigarettes 1 23 SMQ670
77 Refused 0 23 SMQ670
99 Don't know 1 24 SMQ670
. Missing 6977 7001

SMQ665A - Marlboro variety

Variable Name:
SMQ665A
SAS Label:
Marlboro variety
English Text:
Please select the Marlboro pack that looks most like the brand that you smoke. If the pack you smoke is not shown, select 'other Marlboro.'
English Instructions:
CAPI INSTRUCTIONS: SHOW IMAGES OF MARLBORO RED, MARLBORO RED 83S, MARLBORO GOLD, MARLBORO GOLD MENTHOL, MARLBORO SILVER, MARLBORO BLACK, MARLBORO MENTHOL AND OTHER MARLBORO.
Target:
Both males and females 12 YEARS - 17 YEARS
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
1 MARLBORO RED 2 2 SMQ670
2 MARLBORO RED 83S 0 2 SMQ670
3 MARLBORO GOLD 3 5 SMQ670
4 MARLBORO GOLD MENTHOL 0 5 SMQ670
5 MARLBORO SILVER 0 5 SMQ670
6 MARLBORO BLACK 1 6 SMQ670
7 MARLBORO MENTHOL 0 6 SMQ670
8 OTHER MARLBORO 2 8 SMQ670
77 Refused 0 8 SMQ670
99 Don't know 0 8 SMQ670
. Missing 6993 7001

SMQ665B - Camel variety

Variable Name:
SMQ665B
SAS Label:
Camel variety
English Text:
Please select the Camel pack that looks most like the brand that you smoke. If the pack you smoke is not shown, select 'other Camel.'
English Instructions:
CAPI INSTRUCTIONS: SHOW IMAGES OF CAMEL, CAMEL BLUE, CAMEL CRUSH, CAMEL CRUSH BOLD, CAMEL MENTHOL, CAMEL MENTHOL SILVER, AND OTHER CAMEL.
Target:
Both males and females 12 YEARS - 17 YEARS
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
1 CAMEL 1 1 SMQ670
2 CAMEL BLUE 0 1 SMQ670
3 CAMEL CRUSH 1 2 SMQ670
4 CAMEL CRUSH BOLD 1 3 SMQ670
5 CAMEL MENTHOL 0 3 SMQ670
6 CAMEL MENTHOL SILVER 0 3 SMQ670
7 OTHER CAMEL 0 3 SMQ670
77 Refused 0 3 SMQ670
99 Don't know 0 3 SMQ670
. Missing 6998 7001

SMQ665C - Newport variety

Variable Name:
SMQ665C
SAS Label:
Newport variety
English Text:
Please select the Newport pack that looks most like the brand that you smoke. If the pack you smoke is not shown, select 'other Newport.'
English Instructions:
CAPI INSTRUCTIONS: SHOW IMAGES OF NEWPORT, NEWPORT MENTHOL GOLD, AND OTHER NEWPORT.
Target:
Both males and females 12 YEARS - 17 YEARS
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
1 NEWPORT 4 4 SMQ670
2 NEWPORT MENTHOL GOLD 0 4 SMQ670
3 OTHER NEWPORT 0 4 SMQ670
77 Refused 0 4 SMQ670
99 Don't know 0 4 SMQ670
. Missing 6997 7001

SMQ665D - Other brand

Variable Name:
SMQ665D
SAS Label:
Other brand
English Text:
Please select the pack that looks most like the brand that you smoke. If the pack you smoke is not shown, select 'other brand of cigarette.'
English Instructions:
CAPI INSTRUCTIONS: SHOW IMAGES OF BASIC FF, DORAL RED 100S, DORAL MENTHOL GOLD BOX 100S, GPC FF, GPC FF MENTHOL, KOOL BLUE MENTHOL 100S, KOOL TRUE MENTHOL, VIRGINIA SLIMS FF, AND OTHER BRAND.
Target:
Both males and females 12 YEARS - 17 YEARS
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
1 BASIC 0 0
2 DORAL RED 100S 0 0
3 DORAL MENTHOL GOLD BOX 100S 0 0
4 GPC 0 0
5 GPC MENTHOL 0 0
6 KOOL BLUE MENTHOL 100S 0 0
7 KOOL TRUE MENTHOL 0 0
8 VIRGINIA SLIMS 0 0
9 OTHER BRAND 3 3
77 Refused 0 3
99 Don't know 0 3
. Missing 6998 7001

SMQ670 - Tried to quit smoking

Variable Name:
SMQ670
SAS Label:
Tried to quit smoking
English Text:
During the past 12 months, have you stopped smoking for one day or longer because you were trying to quit smoking?
English Instructions:
VERBAL INSTRUCTIONS TO SP: Please select Yes, No.
Target:
Both males and females 12 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
1 Yes 613 613
2 No 508 1121
7 Refused 0 1121
9 Don't know 3 1124
. Missing 5877 7001

SMQ848 - # times stopped smoking cigarettes

Variable Name:
SMQ848
SAS Label:
# times stopped smoking cigarettes
English Text:
During the past 12 months, how many times {have you/has SP} stopped smoking cigarettes because {you were/he was/she was} trying to quit smoking?
English Instructions:
ENTER NUMBER OF TIMES (1-20 TIMES) CAPI INSTRUCTION: IF MORE THAN 20 TIMES ENTER 20
Target:
Both males and females 18 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
1 to 20 Range of Values 594 594
777 Refused 0 594
999 Don't know 6 600
. Missing 6401 7001

SMQ852Q - How long were you able to stop smoking

Variable Name:
SMQ852Q
SAS Label:
How long were you able to stop smoking
English Text:
The last time {you/SP} tried to quit, how long {were you/was he/was she} able to stop smoking?
English Instructions:
CAPI INSTRUCTION: SOFT EDIT: SMQ852 CANNOT BE GREATER THAN 364 DAYS, 11 MONTHS OR 51 WEEKS. ENTER NUMBER (OF DAYS, WEEKS OR MONTHS)
Target:
Both males and females 18 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
0 to 480 Range of Values 594 594
7777 Refused 0 594
9999 Don't know 2 596
. Missing 6405 7001

SMQ852U - Unit of measure (day/week/month/year)

Variable Name:
SMQ852U
SAS Label:
Unit of measure (day/week/month/year)
English Text:
The last time {you/SP} tried to quit, how long {were you/was he/was she} able to stop smoking?
English Instructions:
ENTER UNIT
Target:
Both males and females 18 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
1 Days 266 266
2 Weeks 149 415
3 Months 179 594
7 Refused 0 594
9 Don't know 0 594
. Missing 6407 7001

SMQ925 - Ever smoked a cigarette even 1 time?

Variable Name:
SMQ925
SAS Label:
Ever smoked a cigarette even 1 time?
English Text:
{Have you/Has SP} ever smoked a cigarette even one time?
English Instructions:
Question asked only if SMQ020 not equal 1.
Target:
Both males and females 18 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
1 Yes 1543 1543
2 No 2021 3564 SMQ890
7 Refused 2 3566 SMQ890
9 Don't know 4 3570 SMQ890
. Missing 3431 7001

SMQ930 - Age smoked first sigarette

Variable Name:
SMQ930
SAS Label:
Age smoked first sigarette
English Text:
How old {were you/was SP} the first time {you/he/she} smoked all or part of a cigarette?
English Instructions:
Question asked only if SMQ020 not equal 1.
Target:
Both males and females 18 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
8 to 70 Range of Values 1503 1503
7 7 years or less 20 1523
77777 Refused 0 1523
99999 Don't know 20 1543
. Missing 5458 7001

SMQ935 - Do you now smoke cigarettes?

Variable Name:
SMQ935
SAS Label:
Do you now smoke cigarettes?
English Text:
{Do you/Does SP} now smoke cigarettes?
English Instructions:
Question asked only if SMQ020 not equal 1.
Target:
Both males and females 18 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
1 Every day 5 5
2 Some Days 57 62
3 Not at all 1481 1543 SMQ890
7 Refused 0 1543 SMQ890
9 Don't know 0 1543 SMQ890
. Missing 5458 7001

SMQ080 - # days smoked cigs during past 30 days

Variable Name:
SMQ080
SAS Label:
# days smoked cigs during past 30 days
English Text:
On how many of the past 30 days did {you/SP} smoke a cigarette?
English Instructions:
Question asked only if SMQ020 not equal 1.
Target:
Both males and females 18 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Hard Edits:
0 to 30
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
0 to 30 Range of Values 62 62
7777 Refused 0 62
9999 Don't know 0 62
. Missing 6939 7001

SMQ890 - Ever smoked a cigar even 1 time?

Variable Name:
SMQ890
SAS Label:
Ever smoked a cigar even 1 time?
English Text:
{Have you/Has SP} ever smoked a regular cigar, cigarillo or little filtered cigar even one time? This hand card shows examples of some cigars; however there are others not included here.
English Instructions:
HAND CARD SMQ2
Target:
Both males and females 18 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
1 Yes 2066 2066
2 No 3917 5983 SMQ900
7 Refused 3 5986 SMQ900
9 Don't know 6 5992 SMQ900
. Missing 1009 7001

SMQ895 - How many days smoked a cigar?

Variable Name:
SMQ895
SAS Label:
How many days smoked a cigar?
English Text:
During the past 30 days, on how many days did {you/SP} smoke a regular cigar, cigarillo or little filtered cigar?
English Instructions:
CAPI INSTRUCTION: ALLOW '0' AS AN ENTRY. ENTER NUMBER OF DAYS
Target:
Both males and females 18 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
0 to 30 Range of Values 2065 2065
77 Refused 0 2065
99 Don't know 1 2066
. Missing 4935 7001

SMQ900 - Ever used an e-cigarette?

Variable Name:
SMQ900
SAS Label:
Ever used an e-cigarette?
English Text:
The next question is about e-cigarettes. These are battery-powered devices that usually contain liquid nicotine, and don't produce smoke. Have {you/SP} EVER used an e-cigarette EVEN ONE TIME? This hand card shows examples of some e-cigarettes and other devices used to inhale liquid nicotine; however there are others not included here.
English Instructions:
HAND CARD SMQ3. INTERVIEWER: USE OF THESE DEVICES FOR MARIJUANA OR SUBSTANCES OTHER THAN NICOTINE SHOULD NOT BE COUNTED.
Target:
Both males and females 18 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
1 Yes 1064 1064
2 No 4925 5989 SMQ910
7 Refused 2 5991 SMQ910
9 Don't know 1 5992 SMQ910
. Missing 1009 7001

SMQ905 - How many days used an e-cigarette?

Variable Name:
SMQ905
SAS Label:
How many days used an e-cigarette?
English Text:
During the past 30 days, on how many days did {you/SP} use e-cigarettes?
English Instructions:
CAPI INSTRUCTION: ALLOW '0' AS AN ENTRY. ENTER NUMBER OF DAYS
Target:
Both males and females 18 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
0 to 30 Range of Values 1063 1063
77 Refused 0 1063
99 Don't know 1 1064
. Missing 5937 7001

SMQ910 - Ever used smokeless tobacco?

Variable Name:
SMQ910
SAS Label:
Ever used smokeless tobacco?
English Text:
Smokeless tobacco products are placed in the mouth and nose and include chewing tobacco, snuff, dip, snus (pronounced as "snoose") and dissolvable tobacco. {Have you/Has SP} ever used smokeless tobacco even one time? This hand card shows examples of smokeless products; however there are others not included here.
English Instructions:
HAND CARD SMQ4
Target:
Both males and females 18 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
1 Yes 827 827
2 No 5160 5987 SMAQUEX2
7 Refused 2 5989 SMAQUEX2
9 Don't know 3 5992 SMAQUEX2
. Missing 1009 7001

SMQ915 - How many days used smokeless tobacco?

Variable Name:
SMQ915
SAS Label:
How many days used smokeless tobacco?
English Text:
During the past 30 days, on how many days did {you/SP} use smokeless tobacco?
English Instructions:
CAPI INSTRUCTION: ALLOW '0' AS AN ENTRY. ENTER NUMBER OF DAYS
Target:
Both males and females 18 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
0 to 30 Range of Values 826 826
77 Refused 0 826
99 Don't know 1 827
. Missing 6174 7001

SMAQUEX2 - Questionnaire Mode Flag

Variable Name:
SMAQUEX2
SAS Label:
Questionnaire Mode Flag
English Text:
Questionnaire Mode Flag
Target:
Both males and females 12 YEARS - 150 YEARS
Code or Value Value Description Count Cumulative Skip to Item
1 Home Interview (18+ Yrs) 5992 5992
2 ACASI (12 - 17 Yrs) 1009 7001
. Missing 0 7001

Appendix: Variable names across cycles

2003-2004 2005-2006 2007-2008 2009-2010 2011-2012 2013-2014 Label
SMQ020 SMQ020 SMQ020 SMQ020 SMQ020 SMQ020 Smoked at least 100 cigarettes in life
SMD030 SMD030 SMD030 SMD030 SMD030 SMD030 Age started smoking cigarettes regularly
SMQ040 SMQ040 SMQ040 SMQ040 SMQ040 SMQ040 Do you now smoke cigarettes
SMQ050Q SMQ050Q SMQ050Q SMQ050Q SMQ050Q SMQ050Q How long since quit smoking cigarettes
SMQ050U SMQ050U SMQ050U SMQ050U SMQ050U SMQ050U Unit of measure (day/week/month/year)
SMD055 SMD055 SMD055 SMD055 SMD055 SMD055 Age last smoked cigarettes regularly
SMD057 SMD057 SMD057 SMD057 SMD057 SMD057 # cigarettes smoked per day when quit
SMD070 SMD070 NA NA NA NA # cigarettes smoked per day now
SMD075 SMD075 NA NA NA NA How many years smoked this amount
SMQ077 SMQ077 SMQ077 SMQ077 SMQ077 NA How soon after waking do you smoke
NA NA NA NA NA SMQ078 How soon after waking do you smoke
NA NA NA NA NA NA # days smoked cigs during past 30 days
NA NA NA NA NA NA Avg # cigarettes/day during past 30 days
NA NA NA NA NA NA May I please see the pack of cigarettes
SMD093 SMD093 SMD093 SMD093 SMD093 SMD093 May I please see the pack of cigarettes
SMD100BR SMD100BR SMD100BR SMD100BR SMD100BR SMD100BR Cigarette Brand/sub-brand
SMD100CO SMD100CO SMD100CO SMD100CO SMD100CO SMD100CO FTC Carbon Monoxide Content
SMD100FL SMD100FL SMD100FL SMD100FL SMD100FL SMD100FL Cigarette Filter type
SMD100LN SMD100LN SMD100LN SMD100LN SMD100LN SMD100LN Cigarette Length
SMD100MN SMD100MN SMD100MN SMD100MN SMD100MN SMD100MN Cigarette Menthol indicator
SMD100NI SMD100NI SMD100NI SMD100NI SMD100NI SMD100NI FTC Nicotine Content
SMD100TR SMD100TR SMD100TR SMD100TR SMD100TR SMD100TR FTC Tar Content
SMQ120 NA NA NA NA NA Smoked a pipe at least 20 times in life
SMD130 NA NA NA NA NA Age started pipe smoking regularly
SMQ140 NA NA NA NA NA Do you now smoke a pipe
SMQ143 NA NA NA NA NA # pipefuls of tobacco smoked per day
SMQ145 NA NA NA NA NA # years smoked this amount of pipes
SMQ150 NA NA NA NA NA Smoked cigars at least 20 times in life
SMD160 NA NA NA NA NA Age started cigar smoking regularly
SMQ170 NA NA NA NA NA Do you now smoke cigars
SMQ173 NA NA NA NA NA # cigars smokes per day
SMQ175 NA NA NA NA NA # years smoked this amount of cigars
SMQ180 NA NA NA NA NA Used snuff at least 20 times in life
SMD190 NA NA NA NA NA Age started using snuff regularly
SMQ200 NA NA NA NA NA Do you now use snuff
SMD203 NA NA NA NA NA # snuff pinches/dips/rubs per day
SMQ205 NA NA NA NA NA # years used this amount of snuff
SMQ210 NA NA NA NA NA Used chewing tobacco 20 times in life
SMD220 NA NA NA NA NA Age started chewing tobacco regularly
SMQ230 NA NA NA NA NA Do you now use chewing tobacco
SMD233 NA NA NA NA NA # chewing plugs/wads/chaws per day
SMD235 NA NA NA NA NA # years used this chewing tobacco amount
NA SMQ620 SMQ620 SMQ620 NA NA Ever tried cigarette smoking
NA NA NA NA SMQ621 SMQ621 Cigarettes smoked in entire life
NA SMD630 SMD630 SMD630 SMD630 SMD630 Age first smoked whole cigarette
SMD641 SMD641 SMD641 SMD641 SMD641 SMD641 # days smoked cigs during past 30 days
SMD650 SMD650 SMD650 SMD650 SMD650 SMD650 Avg # cigarettes/day during past 30 days
NA SMQ660 SMQ660 SMQ660 SMQ660 NA Brands of cigarettes smoked/past mo
NA NA NA NA NA SMQ661 Brand of cigarettes smoked past 30 days
NA SMQ664B SMQ664B SMQ664B SMQ664B NA Menthol or non-menthol BensonHedges
NA SMQ664C SMQ664C SMQ664C SMQ664C NA Menthol or non-menthol Camels
NA SMQ664M SMQ664M SMQ664M SMQ664M NA Menthol or non-menthol Marlboro
NA SMQ664O SMQ664O SMQ664O SMQ664O NA Menthol or non-menthol other brand
NA SMQ664W SMQ664W SMQ664W SMQ664W NA Menthol or non-menthol Winston
NA NA NA NA NA SMQ665A Marlboro variety
NA NA NA NA NA SMQ665B Camel variety
NA NA NA NA NA SMQ665C Newport variety
NA NA NA NA NA SMQ665D Other brand
NA SMQ666B SMQ666B SMQ666B NA NA Regular, light or ultralite BensonHedges
NA SMQ666C SMQ666C SMQ666C NA NA Regular, light or ultralite Camels
NA SMQ666K SMQ666K SMQ666K NA NA Regular, light or ultralite Kools
NA SMQ666M SMQ666M SMQ666M NA NA Regular, light or ultralite Marlboro
NA SMQ666O SMQ666O SMQ666O NA NA Regular, light or ultralite other brand
NA SMQ666S SMQ666S SMQ666S NA NA Regular, light or ultralite Salem
NA SMQ666W SMQ666W SMQ666W NA NA Regular, light or ultralite Winston
NA SMQ670 SMQ670 SMQ670 SMQ670 SMQ670 Tried to quit smoking
NA NA NA NA NA SMQ848 # times stopped smoking cigarettes
NA NA NA NA NA SMQ852Q How long were you able to stop smoking
NA NA NA NA NA SMQ852U Unit of measure (day/week/month/year)
NA SMAQUEX2 SMAQUEX2 SMAQUEX2 SMAQUEX2 SMAQUEX2 Questionnaire Mode Flag
SMDUPCA SMDUPCA SMDUPCA SMDUPCA SMDUPCA SMDUPCA Cig 12-digit Universal Product Code-UPC