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Current asthma: Estimated prevalence among former cigarette smokers by industry and sex, U.S. working adults aged ≥18 years, NHIS 2004–2011

IndustryTotalMaleFemale
Estimated PopulationPrevalence (%)95% Confidence IntervalEstimated PopulationPrevalence (%)95% Confidence IntervalEstimated PopulationPrevalence (%)95% Confidence Interval
Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing, and Hunting
Crop production 166,344 4.7* 0.8–8.6 148,190 4.9* 0.6–9.2 18,154
Animal production 120,179 8.2* 2.8–13.7 97,179 23,000 22.2* 2.6–41.7
Forestry and logging 26,466 20,779 5,687
Fishing, hunting, and trapping 14,378 14,102 nc nc
Support activities for agriculture and forestry 25,534 20,384 5,150
Mining
Oil and gas extraction 18,178 15,868 nc nc
Mining (except oil and gas) 42,112 39,855 nc nc
Support activities for mining 63,884 53,179 10,705
Utilities 337,609 5.3 2.4–8.2 274,515 4.6* 1.3–7.9 63,094 8.6* 2.0–15.2
Construction 2,090,051 4.6 3.3–5.8 1,927,290 4.2 3.0–5.4 162,760 8.4 1.1–15.8
Manufacturing
Food manufacturing 308,342 2.8* 1.1–4.6 224,136 2.5* 0.4–4.6 84,206 3.8* 0.7–6.8
Beverage and tobacco product manufacturing 57,119 48,719 8,400
Textile mills 21,916 14,739 4.8* 0.6–8.9 7,177 11.8* 3.3–20.2
Textile product mills 42,658 22,661 5.6* 0.4–10.8 19,997 20.7* 3.1–38.4
Apparel manufacturing 54,890 26,140 6.6* 1.1–12.1 28,751
Leather and allied product manufacturing 7,268 4,084 6.5* 0.7–12.4 3,184
Wood product manufacturing 88,714 80,908 5.1* 1.3–8.8 7,806
Paper manufacturing 89,871 69,438 4.8* 1.9–7.7 20,433
Printing and related support activities 150,578 5.4* 1.1–9.7 109,374 7.7* 2.0–13.4 41,204
Petroleum and coal products manufacturing 42,352 37,026 5,326
Chemical manufacturing 234,627 7.3 3.2–11.4 149,725 84,902
Plastics and rubber products manufacturing 117,582 8.7* 3.2–14.2 93,646 5.9 2.5–9.3 23,936 11.3* 3.5–19.1
Nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing 97,388 5.9* 1.0–10.9 87,718 9,670
Primary metal manufacturing 116,043 6.7* 1.3–12.1 98,027 18,016 6.6* 0.7–12.6
Fabricated metal product manufacturing 254,053 4.4* 1.2–7.7 221,805 32,248
Machinery manufacturing 273,883 5.0 2.4–7.6 230,756 43,126
Computer and electronic product manufacturing 260,850 7.0* 2.5–11.5 187,237 73,613
Electrical equipment, appliance, and component manufacturing 108,913 5.1* 0.3–9.8 79,889 29,024
Transportation equipment manufacturing 422,535 6.9 3.7–10.1 345,922 76,612
Furniture and related product manufacturing 114,440 5.9* 0.4–11.4 86,686 27,754
Miscellaneous manufacturing 223,755 4.7* 1.2–8.2 150,509 73,246
Wholesale Trade
Merchant wholesalers, durable goods 459,141 6.5 4.0–9.1 355,519 5.6 3.1–8.2 103,622 9.6* 2.3–17.0
Merchant wholesalers, nondurable goods 395,351 3.4 1.5–5.4 321,144 3.5* 1.1–5.8 74,207 3.4* 0.4–6.4
Non-specified wholesale trade 5,569 3,614 1,955
Retail Trade
Motor vehicle and parts dealers 374,748 3.6* 1.4–5.7 323,039 3.1* 1.1–5.1 51,709
Furniture and home furnishings stores 108,087 10.1* 0.8–19.4 70,507 6.8* 1.5–12.0 37,580 9.8 5.8–13.8
Electronics and appliance stores 86,833 5.8* 0.2–11.4 68,988 17,845 7.6* 1.9–13.3
Building material and garden equipment and supplies dealers 259,720 6.6 3.1–10.1 171,734 87,986 10.3* 2.5–18.0
Food and beverage stores 377,331 6.0 3.3–8.7 204,337 172,994
Health and personal care stores 174,950 7.4* 2.1–12.8 68,036 106,914
Gasoline stations 60,978 15.7* 3.6–27.9 27,007 3.0* 0.4–5.7 33,971 13.5* 4.1–23.0
Clothing and clothing accessories stores 153,570 6.5* 2.3–10.7 52,782 3.8* 0.8–6.8 100,788 8.5 4.0–13.1
Sporting goods, camera, hobby, book and music stores 118,866 8.6* 2.7–14.4 56,433 62,432 9.4* 1.2–17.6
General merchandise stores 406,952 8.5 5.4–11.7 167,005 239,948 26.8* 6.9–46.7
Miscellaneous store retailers 198,050 6.9* 2.2–11.6 86,955 111,095 7.3* 2.0–12.5
Nonstore retailers and non-specified retail trade 159,987 5.8* 1.8–9.8 98,185 61,802 9.3* 1.3–17.2
Transportation and Warehousing
Transportation (including support activities for transportation) 893,230 5.1 3.5–6.6 735,769 4.2 2.6–5.8 157,461 9.0 4.1–13.9
Postal service, couriers, and messengers 296,796 9.9 5.5–14.4 210,391 6.1* 2.4–9.8 86,405 19.2* 7.5–30.9
Warehousing and storage 57,152 48,698 8,455
Information
Publishing (except internet) 156,457 10.5 4.8–16.1 82,936 9.0* 2.4–15.6 73,521 12.1* 2.9–21.3
Motion picture and sound recording 65,500 8.5* 0.2–16.8 43,009 22,491
Broadcasting and telecommunications 329,080 6.8 3.3–10.4 203,678 5.1* 1.8–8.5 125,402 9.7* 2.1–17.2
Information services and data processing 63,617 8.6* 0.7–16.6 29,885 33,732
Finance and Insurance
Monetary authorities — central bank 316,629 7.0 3.7–10.4 107,709 5.0* 0.5–9.6 208,920 8.1 3.5–12.6
Credit intermediation and related activities 254,660 8.9 4.9–12.9 101,051 153,609 13.1 6.7–19.6
Securities, commodity contracts, and other financial investments and related activities 235,961 3.3* 1.0–5.7 143,820 92,140 5.7* 0.9–10.4
Insurance carriers and related activities 516,900 8.1 5.5–10.8 232,892 5.3* 1.5–9.2 284,008 10.4 6.6–14.2
Real Estate and Rental and Leasing
Real estate 575,279 3.8 2.2–5.3 321,617 2.7* 0.8–4.6 253,661 5.1 2.5–7.6
Rental and leasing services 58,339 12.1* 0.7–23.5 43,367 14,972 41.0* 8.8–73.2
Lessors of nonfinancial intangible assets (except copyrighted works) 29,473 23,604 5,869
Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services 1,966,107 7.1 5.4–8.8 1,190,116 5.3 3.6–7.0 775,991 9.9 6.6–13.1
Management of Companies and Enterprises 27,312 0.0–0.0 14,052 0.0–0.0 13,260
Administrative & Support and Waste Management & Remediation Services 1,067,022 6.8 5.0–8.7 708,626 5.2 3.1–7.3 358,396 10.1 6.7–13.5
Education Services 2,326,780 8.1 6.8–9.4 814,909 5.3 3.4–7.1 1,511,872 9.7 7.9–11.5
Health Care and Social Assistance
Ambulatory health care services 1,208,753 10.6 8.3–12.8 332,684 4.1* 1.6–6.6 876,070 13.0 10.1–15.9
Hospitals 1,044,321 10.0 7.7–12.4 280,706 5.6* 1.9–9.3 763,615 11.7 8.9–14.4
Nursing and residential care facilities 359,401 8.2 5.4–11.0 78,980 280,420 9.6 6.1–13.1
Social assistance 482,767 10.8 7.2–14.3 95,893 7.9* 1.3–14.5 386,874 11.5 7.7–15.2
Arts, Entertainment, and Recreation
Performing arts, spectator sports, and related industries 170,908 7.9 3.7–12.1 104,768 6.3* 1.6–10.9 66,140 10.5* 2.5–18.5
Museums, historical sites, and similar institutions 73,264 43,243 30,020
Amusement, gambling, and recreation 279,991 7.8* 3.0–12.7 164,193 8.6* 1.2–16.0 115,798 6.8* 1.7–11.8
Accommodation and Food Services
Accommodation 179,985 11.4 5.6–17.2 99,360 9.9* 2.5–17.4 80,624 13.2* 4.2–22.2
Food services and drinking places 870,876 6.8 4.8–8.8 454,552 4.6 2.3–7.0 416,324 9.2 6.0–12.4
Other Services (except Public Administration)
Repair and maintenance 447,559 3.0 1.3–4.8 387,501 3.0* 1.0–5.0 60,058
Personal services (barber shops, beauty salons, nail salons, laundry, funeral homes and cemeteries) 384,881 5.2 2.7–7.7 120,710 2.5* 0.2–4.7 264,171 6.4 2.7–10.1
Religious, grantmaking, civic, labor, professional, and similar organizations 436,206 8.7 5.6–11.8 229,935 4.5* 1.6–7.3 206,271 13.5 8.0–18.9
Private households 124,499 15.0 6.4–23.6 16,327 108,172 17.2 7.3–27.2
Public Administration 1,459,731 6.9 5.4–8.4 866,916 5.6 3.7–7.5 592,815 8.8 6.3–11.3
Armed Forces 38,272 24,273 13,999
Refused, Not Ascertained, Don’t Know 496,251 3.6 1.8–5.3 313,289 2.1* 0.3–4.0 182,962 6.0 2.6–9.5
TOTAL 26,626,600 6.9 6.5–7.3 15,725,229 4.7 4.3–5.1 10,901,371 10.0 9.3–10.7

nc - not calculated

* Estimates with a relative standard error of >30% and ≤50% are statistically unstable due to small sample size and should be used with caution as they do not meet the standards of reliability.

† Estimates with a relative standard error of >50% are suppressed.

– No estimates due to no cases or no respondents.

Note:

Numbers presented are average annual estimates for the period 2004–2011. Prevalence estimates are weighted and are not age-adjusted. Estimated totals may not add up due to rounding/suppression.

Current asthma is defined as those who have ever been told by a doctor or other health professional that they had asthma and currently still have asthma at the time of the survey. Former cigarette smokers are those who reported smoking ≥100 cigarettes in their lifetime and at the time of the interview did not smoke. Working adults are those who were employed in the week prior to the survey. Estimated populations represent current U.S. workers aged ≥18 years.

See Appendix for more details.

Source:

National Center for Health Statistics National Health Interview Surveys 2004 to 2011.

Citation:

NIOSH 2015. Work-Related Lung Disease Surveillance System (eWoRLD). 2015-868 U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Respiratory Health Division, Morgantown, WV. Available at: <https://wwwn.cdc.gov/eworld/Data/868> February 19, 2018.

Reference Number: 2015-868

Date Posted: October 2015

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