Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content

Current asthma: Estimated prevalence among non-smokers by occupation and sex, U.S. working adults aged ≥18 years, NHIS 2004–2011

OccupationTotalMaleFemale
Estimated PopulationPrevalence (%)95% Confidence IntervalEstimated PopulationPrevalence (%)95% Confidence IntervalEstimated PopulationPrevalence (%)95% Confidence Interval
Management
Chief executives; general and operations managers; legislators 1,166,255 5.9 4.0–7.7 849,133 5.3 3.2–7.3 317,122 7.5 3.5–11.4
Advertising, marketing, promotions, public relations, and sales managers 580,897 5.7 3.6–7.9 337,991 4.1* 1.3–6.8 242,907 8.1 4.9–11.2
Operations specialties managers 1,425,648 6.6 4.9–8.3 852,240 5.8 3.5–8.0 573,408 7.9 5.0–10.7
Other management occupations 4,790,888 6.1 5.3–7.0 2,899,947 4.9 3.9–5.9 1,890,942 8.0 6.6–9.3
Business and Financial Operations
Business operations specialists 1,780,492 7.6 6.1–9.1 768,763 5.6 3.8–7.4 1,011,729 9.1 6.9–11.2
Financial specialists 2,001,380 5.9 4.6–7.1 958,941 4.6 3.0–6.3 1,042,440 7.0 5.2–8.8
Computer and Mathematical
Computer specialists 2,403,106 7.1 5.5–8.7 1,792,569 6.3 4.4–8.2 610,537 9.5 6.9–12.1
Mathematical science occupations 117,296 6.1* 1.6–10.5 57,790 59,506 7.9* 1.6–14.2
Architecture and Engineering
Architects, surveyors, and cartographers 142,743 6.4* 1.0–11.8 108,742 34,001
Engineers 1,244,888 5.2 3.6–6.9 1,048,809 4.4 2.8–6.0 196,079 9.6 4.3–14.8
Drafters, engineering, and mapping technicians 340,449 3.9 1.8–6.1 272,232 2.3* 0.4–4.2 68,217 10.3* 3.0–17.7
Life, Physical, and Social Science
Life scientists 226,482 5.4* 2.1–8.7 107,958 5.6* 0.9–10.3 118,524 5.2* 0.6–9.7
Physical scientists 221,192 6.9 3.4–10.4 158,870 6.1* 2.2–10.1 62,322 8.9* 1.3–16.5
Social scientists and related workers 288,997 7.8 4.4–11.3 103,826 6.1* 0.8–11.4 185,171 8.8 4.5–13.1
Life, physical, and social science technicians 181,411 5.4* 1.8–9.0 91,163 90,249 5.3* 0.6–9.9
Community and Social Services
Counselors, social workers, and other community and social service specialists 1,132,432 8.0 6.1–9.9 304,468 5.1* 1.7–8.5 827,965 9.1 6.7–11.5
Religious workers 424,867 7.4 4.3–10.5 313,710 6.8 3.4–10.3 111,157 9.0* 2.7–15.3
Legal
Lawyers, judges, and related workers 698,467 6.1 3.5–8.8 471,334 5.5* 2.1–9.0 227,132 7.4 3.8–11.0
Legal support workers 396,371 7.0 4.0–9.9 69,317 327,054 8.2 4.7–11.7
Education, Training and Library
Postsecondary teachers 1,007,404 7.9 5.5–10.2 510,216 6.5 3.2–9.8 497,189 9.2 6.1–12.4
Primary, secondary, and special education school teachers 4,125,831 8.5 7.4–9.7 867,175 6.0 3.7–8.3 3,258,656 9.2 7.9–10.5
Other teachers and instructors 513,366 9.6 6.2–12.9 170,204 8.5* 2.2–14.7 343,162 10.1 6.3–13.9
Librarians, curators, and archivists 217,494 7.2* 2.9–11.4 37,998 179,496 8.7* 3.6–13.8
Other education, training, and library occupations 721,079 8.3 5.7–10.9 60,480 7.2* 0.7–13.6 660,599 8.4 5.7–11.2
Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media
Art and design workers 599,881 6.6 4.1–9.1 297,720 5.6* 2.2–8.9 302,161 7.7 4.0–11.3
Entertainers and performers, sports and related workers 396,517 8.1 4.2–12.1 240,468 5.5* 2.3–8.8 156,050 12.2* 3.7–20.6
Media and communication workers 520,617 8.2 5.6–10.8 207,683 5.4 2.2–8.5 312,934 10.1 6.3–13.9
Media and communication equipment workers 174,853 6.7* 2.5–11.0 136,557 38,296 16.4* 4.5–28.3
Healthcare Practitioners and Technical
Health diagnosing and treating practitioners 3,494,467 6.9 5.9–8.0 953,525 4.6 3.0–6.3 2,540,941 7.8 6.5–9.0
Health technologists and technicians 1,381,522 6.0 4.5–7.4 297,728 2.6* 0.7–4.4 1,083,794 6.9 5.1–8.7
Other healthcare practitioners and technical 40,669 30,453 10,216
Healthcare Support
Nursing, psychiatric, and home health aides 1,099,643 7.8 5.7–9.8 139,158 6.7* 0.9–12.4 960,485 7.9 5.7–10.1
Occupational and physical therapist assistants and aides 47,606 19.2* 4.2–34.2 11,237 36,369 25.1* 6.9–43.4
Other healthcare support occupations 715,413 6.3 4.2–8.4 80,220 635,193 6.6 4.4–8.8
Protective Service
First-line supervisors/managers, protective service workers 145,539 9.4* 0.8–18.0 125,796 19,743
Fire fighting and prevention workers 186,505 6.7* 2.6–10.9 178,780 7.0* 2.7–11.3 7,725
Law enforcement workers 770,501 6.4 3.9–8.8 616,461 5.4 2.8–8.0 154,040 10.3 4.6–16.0
Other protective service workers 593,110 6.1 3.5–8.6 415,490 5.0* 1.9–8.1 177,620 8.6 3.9–13.2
Food Preparation and Serving Related
Supervisors, food preparation, and serving workers 457,639 3.1 1.4–4.8 223,794 233,845 5.2* 2.0–8.3
Cooks and food preparation workers 1,458,346 6.0 4.3–7.6 679,900 5.0 2.5–7.4 778,445 6.8 4.6–9.0
Food and beverage serving working 1,455,086 7.3 5.2–9.4 438,913 3.5* 1.2–5.8 1,016,173 8.9 6.2–11.7
Other food preparation and serving related workers 472,093 7.3 4.2–10.3 206,450 265,643 11.2 6.3–16.2
Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance
Supervisors, building and grounds cleaning and maintenance workers 246,880 4.8* 1.7–7.9 185,159 3.7* 0.5–6.9 61,721 8.0* 0.2–15.8
Building cleaning and pest control workers 2,288,425 5.2 4.0–6.4 931,908 4.9 2.9–6.9 1,356,518 5.3 3.9–6.8
Grounds maintenance workers 656,885 1.4* 0.3–2.4 624,230 1.2* 0.2–2.2 32,655
Personal Care and Service
Supervisors, personal care and service workers 73,907 27,836 46,070
Animal care and service workers 128,418 32,836 95,582
Entertainment attendants and related workers 182,944 7.9* 2.5–13.3 94,558 88,386 11.0* 2.9–19.0
Funeral service workers 10,586 nc nc nc nc
Personal appearance workers 561,519 6.2 3.8–8.7 82,335 479,184 6.6 3.8–9.3
Transportation, tourism, and lodging attendants 94,195 45,321 48,874
Other personal care and service workers 1,665,432 8.4 6.8–10.1 242,946 3.5* 1.2–5.7 1,422,486 9.3 7.4–11.2
Sales and Related
Supervisors, sales workers 2,077,904 5.1 4.0–6.3 1,192,817 3.5 2.1–4.8 885,087 7.3 5.2–9.4
Retail sales workers 3,668,793 6.4 5.4–7.4 1,381,916 4.4 3.0–5.9 2,286,877 7.6 6.2–8.9
Sales representatives, services 1,055,719 6.6 4.7–8.4 645,839 3.7 1.9–5.6 409,880 11.0 7.4–14.6
Sales representatives, wholesale and manufacturing 802,710 6.3 4.1–8.5 567,287 5.3 2.7–7.9 235,424 8.7 4.3–13.2
Other sales and related workers 924,797 7.1 5.1–9.0 394,863 6.5 3.4–9.5 529,933 7.5 5.0–10.1
Office and Administrative Support
Supervisors, office and administrative support workers 761,516 6.7 4.7–8.7 223,711 7.0 3.4–10.7 537,805 6.6 4.2–8.9
Communications equipment operators 53,166 10.9* 0.8–21.0 8,809 44,356
Financial clerks 1,750,760 7.3 5.6–8.9 213,303 3.8* 0.9–6.6 1,537,457 7.8 5.9–9.6
Information and record clerks 2,906,903 7.7 6.5–8.9 679,805 6.9 4.2–9.5 2,227,097 7.9 6.6–9.3
Material recording, scheduling, dispatching, and distributing workers 1,999,160 7.2 5.7–8.7 1,243,503 6.1 4.3–7.9 755,657 9.0 6.4–11.6
Secretaries and administrative assistants 1,840,380 7.1 5.7–8.6 74,603 1,765,776 7.2 5.7–8.7
Other office and administrative support workers 1,943,406 6.8 5.4–8.2 408,818 5.4 2.4–8.5 1,534,588 7.2 5.6–8.8
Farming, Fishing, and Forestry
Supervisors, farming, fishing, and forestry workers 41,057 35,884 5,173
Agricultural workers 514,369 2.4 1.0–3.8 359,076 2.1* 0.4–3.9 155,293 3.0* 0.7–5.3
Fishing and hunting workers 10,762 9,679 nc nc
Forest, conservation, and logging workers 42,374 40,437 nc nc
Construction and Extraction
Supervisors, construction and extraction workers 370,404 5.3 2.3–8.3 357,314 5.1* 2.1–8.1 13,090
Construction trades workers 3,106,351 4.3 3.1–5.5 3,037,825 4.2 3.0–5.4 68,525
Helpers, construction trades 29,956 27,105 2,851
Other construction and related workers 205,989 5.0* 1.1–8.9 194,260 5.1* 1.0–9.2 11,729
Extraction workers 67,588 9.1* 0.3–18.0 67,588 9.1* 0.3–18.0 nc nc
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair
Supervisors of installation, maintenance, and repair workers 144,599 6.7* 1.7–11.8 132,689 7.3* 1.8–12.9 11,910
Electrical and electronic equipment mechanics, installers, and repairers 402,424 4.7* 1.8–7.7 366,683 4.9* 1.6–8.1 35,741
Vehicle and mobile equipment mechanics, installers, and repairers 869,070 4.5 2.6–6.4 853,965 4.6 2.7–6.6 15,105
Other installation, maintenance, and repair occupations 908,966 5.2 3.3–7.0 867,519 5.4 3.5–7.4 41,447
Production
Supervisors, production workers 359,590 3.5* 1.4–5.7 272,150 3.3* 0.7–5.8 87,440 4.3* 0.3–8.3
Assemblers and fabricators 706,543 4.4 2.4–6.5 408,626 4.0* 1.6–6.3 297,917 5.1 2.2–8.0
Food processing workers 325,984 4.4* 1.6–7.1 190,969 135,014 7.2* 1.8–12.6
Metal workers and plastic workers 779,263 4.2 2.1–6.2 650,235 2.8 1.2–4.4 129,028 11.1* 1.8–20.5
Printing workers 155,787 5.2* 1.7–8.7 110,948 4.2* 0.8–7.6 44,839 7.8* 0.3–15.2
Textile, apparel, and furnishings workers 435,284 4.9 2.1–7.7 126,856 308,428 5.5 2.7–8.3
Woodworkers 101,953 6.8* 0.2–13.3 87,599 14,354
Plant and system operators 103,237 4.7* 0.5–8.9 98,304 4.9* 0.5–9.3 nc nc
Other production occupations 1,570,159 5.8 3.9–7.6 971,855 4.2 2.6–5.8 598,304 8.3 4.7–11.8
Transportation and Material Moving
Supervisors, transportation and material moving workers 84,072 8.4* 1.8–15.0 72,305 11,767 28.3* 5.1–51.5
Air transportation workers 118,122 102,802 15,320
Motor vehicle operators 1,809,837 6.0 4.5–7.4 1,505,365 4.8 3.3–6.3 304,472 11.9 7.3–16.5
Rail transportation workers 57,153 56,729 nc nc
Water transportation workers 13,033 12,195 nc nc
Other transportation workers 114,576 94,740 19,836
Material moving workers 1,742,338 4.3 2.9–5.8 1,337,309 4.1 2.7–5.5 405,029 5.0* 0.7–9.3
Millitary 84,765 8.1* 0.8–15.5 54,462 30,303
Refused, Not Ascertained, Don’t Know 2,810,483 2.7 2.0–3.4 1,546,656 1.7 0.8–2.6 1,263,833 3.8 2.6–5.1
TOTAL 83,939,935 6.3 6.1–6.5 41,850,503 4.7 4.4–5.0 42,089,432 7.8 7.5–8.1

nc - not calculated

* Estimates with a relative standard error of >30% and ≤50% are statistically unstable due to small sample size and should be used with caution as they do not meet the standards of reliability.

† Estimates with a relative standard error of >50% are suppressed.

– No estimates due to no cases or no respondents.

Note:

Numbers presented are average annual estimates for the period 2004–2011. Prevalence estimates are weighted and are not age-adjusted. Estimated totals may not add up due to rounding/suppression.

Current asthma is defined as those who have ever been told by a doctor or other health professional that they had asthma and currently still have asthma at the time of the survey. Non-smokers are those who had never smoked or those who smoked <100 cigarettes during their entire life. Working adults are those who were employed in the week prior to the survey. Estimated populations represent current U.S. workers aged ≥18 years.

See Appendix for more details.

Source:

National Center for Health Statistics National Health Interview Surveys 2004 to 2011.

Citation:

NIOSH 2015. Work-Related Lung Disease Surveillance System (eWoRLD). 2015-873 U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Respiratory Health Division, Morgantown, WV. Available at: <https://wwwn.cdc.gov/eworld/Data/873> August 17, 2018.

Reference Number: 2015-873

Date Posted: October 2015

Archived Versions

TOP