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Current asthma: Estimated prevalence by occupation and sex, U.S. working adults aged ≥18 years, NHIS 2004–2011

OccupationTotalMaleFemale
Estimated PopulationPrevalence (%)95% Confidence IntervalEstimated PopulationPrevalence (%)95% Confidence IntervalEstimated PopulationPrevalence (%)95% Confidence Interval
Management
Chief executives; general and operations managers; legislators 1,927,608 5.4 4.1–6.7 1,446,962 4.4 3.0–5.8 480,646 8.3 5.0–11.6
Advertising, marketing, promotions, public relations, and sales managers 868,690 5.7 3.9–7.5 503,099 4.6 2.4–6.9 365,592 7.2 4.3–10.1
Operations specialties managers 2,327,185 6.3 5.1–7.5 1,377,734 5.5 4.0–7.0 949,451 7.5 5.3–9.6
Other management occupations 7,993,986 6.5 5.7–7.3 4,979,641 5.3 4.4–6.2 3,014,345 8.5 7.2–9.7
Business and Financial Operations
Business operations specialists 2,940,295 7.4 6.3–8.6 1,328,368 4.7 3.5–5.9 1,611,926 9.6 7.8–11.5
Financial specialists 3,011,686 5.9 4.9–6.9 1,410,666 4.4 3.1–5.6 1,601,019 7.2 5.8–8.7
Computer and Mathematical
Computer specialists 3,544,647 7.0 5.9–8.2 2,685,799 6.2 4.9–7.6 858,848 9.6 7.3–12.0
Mathematical science occupations 172,419 5.7* 2.1–9.3 81,215 6.4* 0.6–12.1 91,204 5.1* 0.9–9.4
Architecture and Engineering
Architects, surveyors, and cartographers 216,970 4.5* 0.8–8.1 171,131 2.4* 0.2–4.5 45,840
Engineers 1,802,613 5.2 3.8–6.5 1,559,810 4.6 3.3–5.9 242,803 9.0 4.5–13.6
Drafters, engineering, and mapping technicians 663,542 4.1 2.4–5.8 568,220 3.4 1.6–5.1 95,322 8.6* 3.0–14.2
Life, Physical, and Social Science
Life scientists 335,620 5.2* 2.1–8.3 179,235 4.3* 1.0–7.5 156,385 6.3* 1.8–10.7
Physical scientists 313,641 7.5 4.2–10.9 220,287 6.4 2.8–10.1 93,354 10.1* 2.6–17.6
Social scientists and related workers 444,430 8.2 5.4–10.9 165,141 6.9* 2.4–11.4 279,289 8.9 5.5–12.3
Life, physical, and social science technicians 290,357 6.8 3.3–10.2 164,287 4.5* 0.9–8.2 126,070 9.6* 3.1–16.1
Community and Social Services
Counselors, social workers, and other community and social service specialists 1,762,430 8.4 6.8–9.9 492,189 5.4 2.7–8.1 1,270,241 9.5 7.6–11.4
Religious workers 552,514 6.1 3.7–8.5 412,844 5.5 2.9–8.1 139,670 7.8* 2.7–13.0
Legal
Lawyers, judges, and related workers 1,000,999 6.4 4.3–8.4 668,231 5.6 2.9–8.3 332,768 8.0 4.7–11.2
Legal support workers 631,846 7.1 4.7–9.5 123,882 507,964 8.5 5.6–11.4
Education, Training, and Library
Postsecondary teachers 1,382,364 7.6 5.7–9.4 710,401 6.9 4.3–9.5 671,963 8.2 5.7–10.7
Primary, secondary, and special education school teachers 5,359,338 8.7 7.7–9.6 1,160,093 5.9 4.0–7.8 4,199,245 9.4 8.3–10.5
Other teachers and instructors 748,733 8.4 6.0–10.8 273,196 6.0* 2.0–10.0 475,536 9.7 6.8–12.6
Librarians, curators, and archivists 305,126 8.4 4.7–12.1 59,122 246,004 9.5 5.1–14.0
Other education, training, and library occupations 1,038,411 8.6 6.6–10.7 92,679 5.5* 1.0–10.0 945,732 8.9 6.7–11.2
Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media
Art and design workers 1,017,139 6.3 4.4–8.2 523,165 5.1 2.6–7.6 493,974 7.6 4.7–10.4
Entertainers and performers, sports and related workers 604,323 8.3 5.2–11.4 376,346 5.5 2.9–8.2 227,977 12.9 6.3–19.5
Media and communication workers 782,327 8.4 6.3–10.5 343,935 5.3 3.0–7.7 438,392 10.8 7.5–14.0
Media and communication equipment workers 280,372 6.0 2.6–9.5 208,463 3.6* 0.4–6.7 71,908 13.1* 3.2–23.1
Healthcare Practitioners and Technical
Health diagnosing and treating practitioners 4,897,322 7.5 6.6–8.4 1,291,751 4.4 3.0–5.7 3,605,570 8.6 7.5–9.7
Health technologists and technicians 2,172,271 7.1 5.8–8.4 472,806 2.9 1.4–4.4 1,699,464 8.3 6.6–9.9
Other healthcare practitioners and technical 61,085 45,843 15,242
Healthcare Support
Nursing, psychiatric, and home health aides 1,926,438 10.0 8.4–11.5 244,511 6.9* 2.6–11.1 1,681,927 10.4 8.7–12.1
Occupational and physical therapist assistants and aides 65,984 13.9* 2.5–25.2 15,326 50,658 18.0* 3.7–32.3
Other healthcare support occupations 1,115,186 6.3 4.7–7.8 128,785 3.8* 0.2–7.4 986,401 6.6 4.9–8.3
Protective Service
First-line supervisors/managers, protective service workers 262,702 8.0* 2.7–13.3 220,543 5.5* 0.1–11.0 42,159 20.8* 4.5–37.1
Fire fighting and prevention workers 266,459 5.6 2.4–8.8 253,302 5.9 2.6–9.3 13,157
Law enforcement workers 1,185,897 5.7 3.9–7.4 937,339 4.8 2.9–6.7 248,559 9.0 5.0–12.9
Other protective service workers 1,048,444 6.7 4.8–8.6 755,445 5.3 3.1–7.5 292,999 10.2 6.2–14.2
Food Preparation and Serving Related
Supervisors, food preparation, and serving workers 903,016 4.7 3.1–6.4 479,182 2.7* 0.9–4.4 423,834 7.1 4.1–10.1
Cooks and food preparation workers 2,559,283 6.5 5.2–7.7 1,321,794 5.8 4.0–7.6 1,237,489 7.3 5.6–9.0
Food and beverage serving working 2,837,956 8.0 6.5–9.5 870,079 5.4 3.0–7.7 1,967,876 9.2 7.3–11.0
Other food preparation and serving related workers 720,156 6.5 4.3–8.7 363,119 3.1* 1.2–5.0 357,037 9.9 6.0–13.9
Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance
Supervisors, building and grounds cleaning and maintenance workers 485,342 7.1 4.3–10.0 363,801 5.7 2.6–8.8 121,540 11.4* 4.7–18.2
Building cleaning and pest control workers 3,800,520 6.0 5.0–6.9 1,752,648 5.2 3.9–6.6 2,047,873 6.6 5.3–7.9
Grounds maintenance workers 1,240,927 3.2 1.8–4.6 1,160,354 3.0 1.6–4.4 80,573 6.1* 0.5–11.8
Personal Care and Service
Supervisors, personal care and service workers 137,365 4.0* 0.8–7.3 47,816 89,549
Animal care and service workers 230,943 5.7* 1.2–10.3 61,217 169,726 3.1* 0.8–5.5
Entertainment attendants and related workers 295,347 9.2 4.3–14.2 175,492 9.1* 1.9–16.4 119,855 9.4* 3.5–15.4
Funeral service workers 18,302 10,919 7,383
Personal appearance workers 987,662 8.1 5.9–10.3 151,273 4.2* 0.7–7.7 836,389 8.8 6.2–11.4
Transportation, tourism, and lodging attendants 165,716 5.5* 1.8–9.3 85,786 79,931 6.5* 1.6–11.5
Other personal care and service workers 2,537,857 9.0 7.7–10.4 360,510 5.6 2.5–8.7 2,177,347 9.6 8.2–11.1
Sales and Related
Supervisors, sales workers 3,746,809 5.1 4.3–5.9 2,242,090 3.2 2.3–4.1 1,504,718 7.9 6.2–9.6
Retail sales workers 6,039,314 7.0 6.1–7.9 2,417,699 4.9 3.6–6.2 3,621,616 8.4 7.2–9.5
Sales representatives, services 1,799,932 6.0 4.6–7.3 1,120,115 3.9 2.4–5.4 679,817 9.4 6.8–11.9
Sales representatives, wholesale and manufacturing 1,306,521 6.1 4.4–7.7 947,455 5.8 3.8–7.7 359,066 6.9 3.8–10.0
Other sales and related workers 1,624,040 6.6 5.3–8.0 745,757 5.3 3.5–7.2 878,284 7.7 5.8–9.7
Office and Administrative Support
Supervisors, office and administrative support workers 1,328,656 7.5 5.8–9.2 414,898 5.7 3.3–8.1 913,758 8.3 6.2–10.4
Communications equipment operators 87,885 14.1* 4.9–23.3 13,208 74,677 15.7* 5.2–26.2
Financial clerks 2,835,963 8.2 6.8–9.6 356,882 5.0 2.2–7.7 2,479,081 8.7 7.1–10.2
Information and record clerks 4,684,721 8.0 6.9–9.1 1,148,430 6.3 4.3–8.2 3,536,291 8.5 7.2–9.8
Material recording, scheduling, dispatching, and distributing workers 3,512,558 7.4 6.3–8.5 2,176,109 5.7 4.4–7.0 1,336,449 10.2 8.3–12.2
Secretaries and administrative assistants 2,935,663 7.4 6.2–8.6 132,242 4.9* 0.9–8.9 2,803,421 7.6 6.3–8.8
Other office and administrative support workers 2,943,826 7.6 6.4–8.7 641,833 5.6 3.1–8.2 2,301,993 8.1 6.8–9.4
Farming, Fishing, and Forestry
Supervisors, farming, fishing, and forestry workers 69,971 62,571 7,400
Agricultural workers 785,838 3.5 2.1–4.9 587,594 2.9 1.3–4.4 198,244 5.3 2.5–8.1
Fishing and hunting workers 36,715 35,215 nc nc
Forest, conservation, and logging workers 81,769 79,832 nc nc
Construction and Extraction
Supervisors, construction and extraction workers 816,335 3.9 2.1–5.8 792,164 3.9 2.1–5.7 24,171
Construction trades workers 6,764,392 4.1 3.4–4.8 6,608,936 4.0 3.3–4.8 155,456 7.4* 2.6–12.2
Helpers, construction trades 77,243 6.6* 0.3–13.0 73,010 7.0* 0.3–13.8 4,233
Other construction and related workers 398,196 4.3* 1.7–6.9 381,602 4.4* 1.6–7.1 16,595
Extraction workers 159,247 4.9* 0.3–9.6 159,247 4.9* 0.3–9.6 nc nc
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair
Supervisors of installation, maintenance, and repair workers 325,375 7.4 4.1–10.6 300,774 6.8 3.5–10.1 24,601
Electrical and electronic equipment mechanics, installers, and repairers 795,540 4.7 2.5–7.0 720,306 4.4 2.0–6.8 75,234 8.1* 2.1–14.2
Vehicle and mobile equipment mechanics, installers, and repairers 1,843,250 4.0 2.7–5.2 1,815,923 4.0 2.8–5.3 27,328
Other installation, maintenance, and repair occupations 2,114,534 4.3 3.2–5.5 2,035,538 4.4 3.2–5.6 78,996
Production
Supervisors, production workers 790,729 4.4 2.7–6.2 633,462 3.6 1.7–5.5 157,268 7.7* 3.1–12.4
Assemblers and fabricators 1,315,281 4.6 3.3–6.0 794,013 3.4 1.9–4.8 521,268 6.6 4.2–9.0
Food processing workers 568,778 5.9 3.5–8.3 340,731 3.3* 1.2–5.4 228,047 9.9 4.9–14.8
Metal workers and plastic workers 1,783,989 4.0 2.8–5.2 1,552,000 3.4 2.4–4.4 231,989 8.1* 2.4–13.7
Printing workers 345,182 4.7 2.5–6.9 260,861 3.5* 1.4–5.6 84,321 8.2* 2.3–14.2
Textile, apparel, and furnishings workers 700,651 4.9 2.9–7.0 246,374 454,277 6.1 3.7–8.5
Woodworkers 203,840 3.7* 0.3–7.1 178,262 25,578
Plant and system operators 237,382 5.7* 1.6–9.9 229,765 5.9* 1.6–10.2 7,618
Other production occupations 2,983,210 6.0 4.7–7.2 1,974,674 4.3 3.2–5.3 1,008,536 9.4 6.7–12.0
Transportation and Material Moving
Supervisors, transportation and material moving workers 185,811 5.9* 2.3–9.6 150,416 3.6* 0.1–7.1 35,395 16.4* 3.5–29.4
Air transportation workers 174,857 4.2* 0.5–8.0 147,418 27,440 13.1* 0.3–26.0
Motor vehicle operators 4,033,416 5.6 4.7–6.5 3,450,888 4.8 3.8–5.7 582,527 10.5 7.5–13.4
Rail transportation workers 105,462 5.5* 0.4–10.5 102,476 5.6* 0.4–10.8 nc nc
Water transportation workers 35,150 32,881 nc nc
Other transportation workers 248,535 7.1* 2.1–12.2 203,650 6.8* 1.1–12.5 44,885
Material moving workers 3,284,193 4.2 3.3–5.2 2,632,242 3.8 2.9–4.7 651,951 6.1 3.0–9.2
Millitary 142,167 9.5* 2.8–16.2 93,952 6.0* 0.1–11.8 48,215 16.3* 1.0–31.7
Refused, Not Ascertained, Don’t Know 4,127,974 2.6 2.1–3.2 2,400,184 1.9 1.2–2.5 1,727,794 3.7 2.7–4.7
TOTAL 140,622,691 6.4 6.2–6.5 75,289,461 4.6 4.4–4.8 65,333,230 8.4 8.1–8.7

nc - not calculated

* Estimates with a relative standard error of >30% and ≤50% are statistically unstable due to small sample size and should be used with caution as they do not meet the standards of reliability.

† Estimates with a relative standard error of >50% are suppressed.

– No estimates due to no cases or no respondents.

Note:

Numbers presented are average annual estimates for the period 2004–2011. Prevalence estimates are weighted and are not age-adjusted. Estimated totals may not add up due to rounding/suppression.

Current asthma is defined as those who have ever been told by a doctor or other health professional that they had asthma and currently still have asthma at the time of the survey. Working adults are those who were employed in the week prior to the survey. Estimated populations represent current U.S. workers ≥18 years.

See Appendix for more details.

Source:

National Center for Health Statistics National Health Interview Surveys 2004 to 2011.

Citation:

NIOSH 2015. Work-Related Lung Disease Surveillance System (eWoRLD). 2015-870 U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Respiratory Health Division, Morgantown, WV. Available at: <https://wwwn.cdc.gov/eworld/Data/870> February 21, 2018.

Reference Number: 2015-870

Date Posted: October 2015

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