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Lifetime asthma: Estimated prevalence among non-smokers by industry and sex, U.S. working adults aged ≥18 years, NHIS 2004–2011

IndustryTotalMaleFemale
Estimated PopulationPrevalence (%)95% Confidence IntervalEstimated PopulationPrevalence (%)95% Confidence IntervalEstimated PopulationPrevalence (%)95% Confidence Interval
Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing, and Hunting
Crop production 588,216 5.9 3.7–8.1 434,706 6.4 3.7–9.0 153,510 4.6* 1.0–8.2
Animal production 448,477 3.8 2.0–5.6 319,883 3.2* 1.2–5.3 128,594 5.1* 0.5–9.7
Forestry and logging 92,048 14.1* 5.2–22.9 74,922 14.8* 4.7–24.8 17,126
Fishing, hunting, and trapping 19,383 15,993 3,390
Support activities for agriculture and forestry 102,646 64,798 37,848
Mining
Oil and gas extraction 42,128 35,708 6,420
Mining (except oil and gas) 92,256 83,481 8,774
Support activities for mining 172,989 11.1* 2.7–19.5 148,112 10.5* 0.6–20.5 24,877 14.4* 1.8–27.1
Utilities 667,525 8.7 6.1–11.2 496,538 7.3 4.5–10.0 170,987 12.8 6.8–18.7
Construction 4,831,568 7.6 6.6–8.7 4,350,998 7.5 6.4–8.6 480,571 8.8 5.9–11.8
Manufacturing
Food manufacturing 949,166 5.5 3.6–7.4 522,092 4.9 2.6–7.1 427,073 6.3 3.1–9.5
Beverage and tobacco product manufacturing 134,844 11.0 5.3–16.6 95,643 39,202
Textile mills 86,555 52,863 7.1 4.1–10.0 33,692 13.2 8.3–18.1
Textile product mills 109,421 10.4* 3.9–16.8 49,684 8.8* 2.5–15.1 59,737 13.9* 4.7–23.2
Apparel manufacturing 182,323 4.5* 1.2–7.7 61,840 9.4* 3.8–15.0 120,482 9.9* 1.1–18.8
Leather and allied product manufacturing 19,657 8,366 5.2* 2.0–8.3 11,291
Wood product manufacturing 248,674 7.5 4.0–10.9 191,625 4.5 2.1–7.0 57,049 7.2* 1.8–12.5
Paper manufacturing 230,162 6.5 2.7–10.3 189,602 6.7 3.9–9.4 40,560 8.2* 2.9–13.4
Printing and related support activities 336,999 9.1 5.9–12.4 208,546 10.0 6.1–13.9 128,453 7.1 3.4–10.8
Petroleum and coal products manufacturing 87,828 67,800 9.6* 3.6–15.6 20,028 26.0* 7.1–44.9
Chemical manufacturing 621,218 9.2 6.7–11.7 402,212 12.9 5.7–20.1 219,006
Plastics and rubber products manufacturing 311,824 10.6 5.4–15.8 203,521 9.7 7.2–12.2 108,303 10.1 6.2–14.0
Nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing 199,500 9.5 4.9–14.2 153,915 6.9 2.9–10.9 45,585
Primary metal manufacturing 297,129 7.8* 2.9–12.7 243,994 6.2 3.3–9.0 53,135 11.6 7.3–16.0
Fabricated metal product manufacturing 576,168 5.1 2.9–7.3 454,295 121,873
Machinery manufacturing 610,161 7.0 4.5–9.5 468,462 11.1* 1.2–21.0 141,699 9.8* 1.5–18.0
Computer and electronic product manufacturing 722,420 9.0 6.1–12.0 484,160 238,261 5.7* 1.2–10.2
Electrical equipment, appliance, and component manufacturing 207,745 15.8 7.0–24.7 128,733 79,012
Transportation equipment manufacturing 1,064,331 9.8 7.7–11.9 789,314 7.4 3.3–11.5 275,017 7.6* 2.1–13.2
Furniture and related product manufacturing 303,906 5.8 2.8–8.8 221,274 6.4* 2.2–10.7 82,632
Miscellaneous manufacturing 647,017 8.5 6.1–11.0 369,571 7.0 3.2–10.7 277,445 12.6 6.7–18.6
Wholesale Trade
Merchant wholesalers, durable goods 1,113,718 10.8 8.4–13.3 808,134 10.6 7.6–13.5 305,584 11.6 7.3–15.8
Merchant wholesalers, nondurable goods 1,005,386 7.7 5.6–9.8 660,901 7.0 4.3–9.6 344,485 9.2 5.6–12.8
Non-specified wholesale trade 24,487 16,478 8,009
Retail Trade
Motor vehicle and parts dealers 845,622 8.8 6.4–11.3 683,982 8.0 5.3–10.6 161,639 12.5 6.2–18.8
Furniture and home furnishings stores 313,565 13.1 8.6–17.5 176,485 14.4 10.2–18.6 137,080 11.8 9.4–14.2
Electronics and appliance stores 378,787 12.8 8.0–17.6 276,702 17.6 9.8–25.4 102,085 10.9 7.2–14.7
Building material and garden equipment and supplies dealers 638,851 9.7 6.7–12.8 426,404 11.2 5.7–16.7 212,447 16.0 11.0–21.1
Food and beverage stores 1,556,057 8.3 6.5–10.2 765,589 10.8 5.1–16.5 790,468 16.0 9.0–22.9
Health and personal care stores 734,868 11.2 7.7–14.6 248,768 12.9 6.8–18.9 486,100 12.6 5.2–19.9
Gasoline stations 217,578 12.5 5.9–19.0 114,964 9.6 5.5–13.6 102,614 10.1 5.7–14.4
Clothing and clothing accessories stores 713,739 13.2 9.9–16.5 199,532 7.4 5.0–9.7 514,207 9.3 6.6–12.0
Sporting goods, camera, hobby, book and music stores 419,556 9.9 6.6–13.2 194,535 9.7 4.4–15.0 225,021 11.9 7.6–16.3
General merchandise stores 1,610,382 12.7 10.7–14.8 574,037 15.0* 3.9–26.0 1,036,346 9.6* 3.9–15.4
Miscellaneous store retailers 600,395 13.3 9.6–16.9 208,496 9.6* 3.4–15.8 391,900 14.6 10.7–18.5
Nonstore retailers and non–specified retail trade 472,930 13.7 10.0–17.4 226,036 12.4 7.2–17.6 246,895 7.7 3.5–11.9
Transportation and Warehousing
Transportation (including support activities for transportation) 1,938,990 8.8 7.2–10.4 1,437,738 7.0 5.4–8.6 501,252 14.1 10.3–17.8
Postal service, couriers, and messengers 856,154 10.2 7.5–13.0 563,995 9.7 6.5–13.0 292,159 11.2 6.6–15.8
Warehousing and storage 209,033 11.1 5.7–16.5 140,042 9.9* 2.8–16.9 68,991 13.7* 4.0–23.4
Information
Publishing (except internet) 470,187 11.9 8.4–15.4 240,727 9.6 5.2–13.9 229,460 14.4 8.8–20.0
Motion picture and sound recording 272,038 18.0 12.4–23.7 190,708 12.4 6.8–18.0 81,330 31.2 18.2–44.3
Broadcasting and telecommunications 1,159,693 12.5 10.0–15.0 744,600 12.4 9.3–15.6 415,094 12.6 8.8–16.4
Information services and data processing 199,596 12.2 6.4–17.9 40,223 159,373 12.5 6.1–18.9
Finance and Insurance
Monetary authorities –– central bank 1,243,867 10.9 8.6–13.1 429,042 13.1 8.9–17.2 814,825 9.7 7.0–12.4
Credit intermediation and related activities 724,000 12.8 10.0–15.5 292,887 10.8 6.8–14.8 431,113 14.1 10.4–17.9
Securities, commodity contracts, and other financial investments and related activities 733,341 10.1 7.5–12.7 426,549 9.7 6.1–13.4 306,792 10.6 6.2–15.0
Insurance carriers and related activities 1,463,566 12.3 10.3–14.2 591,700 9.6 6.6–12.7 871,866 14.1 11.5–16.6
Real Estate and Rental and Leasing
Real estate 1,262,676 10.4 8.4–12.5 620,058 9.8 6.6–13.1 642,618 11.0 8.3–13.7
Rental and leasing services 171,115 16.4 8.7–24.0 112,125 16.6* 6.5–26.6 58,990 16.0* 4.1–27.9
Lessors of nonfinancial intangible assets (except copyrighted works) 80,978 7.9* 1.9–14.0 63,577 17,401
Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services 5,679,313 11.0 10.0–12.0 3,262,391 10.1 8.8–11.5 2,416,922 12.1 10.5–13.7
Management of Companies and Enterprises 59,440 30,385 29,055
Administrative & Support and Waste Management & Remediation Services 3,173,669 9.7 8.4–11.1 1,828,036 7.9 6.2–9.7 1,345,634 12.2 10.1–14.3
Education Services 9,477,577 12.3 11.5–13.2 2,812,830 11.4 9.9–12.9 6,664,746 12.7 11.7–13.7
Health Care and Social Assistance
Ambulatory health care services 4,337,046 12.1 10.9–13.3 1,065,458 12.7 10.1–15.4 3,271,588 11.9 10.6–13.2
Hospitals 3,689,178 11.4 10.3–12.6 815,468 11.1 8.3–14.0 2,873,710 11.5 10.2–12.9
Nursing and residential care facilities 1,384,389 12.7 10.2–15.2 241,311 14.0 6.9–21.1 1,143,078 12.5 9.9–15.0
Social assistance 2,063,094 13.4 11.3–15.4 268,985 15.9 8.6–23.2 1,794,109 13.0 11.0–15.0
Arts, Entertainment, and Recreation
Performing arts, spectator sports, and related industries 448,823 13.0 8.6–17.4 269,799 10.6 4.6–16.5 179,024 16.6 10.3–22.9
Museums, historical sites, and similar institutions 233,389 8.6 4.2–12.9 111,747 5.3* 0.7–10.0 121,642 11.5* 4.3–18.7
Amusement, gambling, and recreation 966,678 10.5 7.8–13.3 508,839 9.9 6.2–13.5 457,838 11.3 7.0–15.5
Accommodation and Food Services
Accommodation 773,085 10.1 7.4–12.8 292,544 9.4 5.3–13.5 480,541 10.5 7.0–14.1
Food services and drinking places 3,878,778 11.1 9.7–12.5 1,752,391 9.9 7.7–12.1 2,126,387 12.0 10.1–13.9
Other Services (except Public Administration)
Repair and maintenance 1,040,053 7.2 5.3–9.1 872,501 7.4 5.3–9.6 167,552 5.8* 2.3–9.2
Personal services (barber shops, beauty salons, nail salons, laundry, funeral homes and cemeteries) 1,162,675 9.1 6.9–11.3 319,096 7.1 3.1–11.1 843,579 9.9 7.3–12.5
Religious, grantmaking, civic, labor, professional, and similar organizations 1,334,649 11.7 9.5–13.8 652,916 10.0 6.9–13.1 681,734 13.2 10.3–16.2
Private households 604,865 8.9 6.2–11.5 28,999 575,866 9.1 6.3–11.9
Public Administration 4,371,771 10.6 9.4–11.8 2,320,550 9.0 7.4–10.6 2,051,221 12.3 10.6–14.1
Armed Forces 81,228 9.4* 2.2–16.5 50,925 30,303
Refused, Not Ascertained, Don’t Know 2,744,798 4.2 3.2–5.1 1,477,669 3.3 2.1–4.6 1,267,130 5.2 3.8–6.5
TOTAL 83,939,935 10.3 10.1–10.6 41,850,503 9.0 8.7–9.4 42,089,432 11.6 11.3–12.0

* Estimates with a relative standard error of >30% and ≤50% are statistically unstable due to small sample size and should be used with caution as they do not meet the standards of reliability.

† Estimates with a relative standard error of >50% are suppressed.

– No estimates due to no cases or no respondents.

Note:

Numbers presented are average annual estimates for the period 2004–2011. Prevalence estimates are weighted and are not age-adjusted. Estimated totals may not add up due to rounding/suppression.

Life time asthma is defined as those who have ever been told by a doctor or other health professional that they had asthma. Non-smokers are those who had never smoked or those who smoked <100 cigarettes during their entire life. Working adults are those who were employed in the week prior to the survey. Estimated populations represent current U.S. workers aged ≥18 years.

See Appendix for more details.

Source:

National Center for Health Statistics National Health Interview Surveys 2004 to 2011.

Citation:

NIOSH 2015. Work-Related Lung Disease Surveillance System (eWoRLD). 2015-885 U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Respiratory Health Division, Morgantown, WV. Available at: <https://wwwn.cdc.gov/eworld/Data/885> August 18, 2018.

Reference Number: 2015-885

Date Posted: October 2015

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