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Lifetime asthma: Estimated prevalence by industry and sex, U.S. working adults aged ≥18 years, NHIS 2004–2011

IndustryTotalMaleFemale
Estimated PopulationPrevalence (%)95% Confidence IntervalEstimated PopulationPrevalence (%)95% Confidence IntervalEstimated PopulationPrevalence (%)95% Confidence Interval
Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing, and Hunting
Crop production 924,048 6.9 4.9–9.0 726,887 7.4 5.1–9.6 197,161 5.4* 2.2–8.7
Animal production 690,569 5.2 3.4–7.0 507,138 4.5 2.5–6.4 183,432 7.3 3.6–11.1
Forestry and logging 177,302 9.9* 3.9–16.0 151,010 10.4* 3.7–17.1 26,292
Fishing, hunting, and trapping 51,374 13.4* 2.8–24.1 47,290 14.6* 3.0–26.2 4,084
Support activities for agriculture and forestry 161,977 107,059 54,918
Mining
Oil and gas extraction 85,367 8.8* 1.0–16.5 72,861 12,506
Mining (except oil and gas) 189,292 7.0* 2.7–11.3 177,418 7.5* 2.8–12.1 11,874
Support activities for mining 354,326 10.9 7.1–14.7 304,334 10.7 6.5–14.8 49,992 12.4* 1.0–23.7
Utilities 1,274,259 7.6 5.9–9.3 989,013 6.4 4.6–8.2 285,246 11.9 7.6–16.1
Construction 10,262,670 7.8 7.0–8.5 9,369,189 7.6 6.9–8.3 893,480 9.3 6.9–11.7
Manufacturing
Food manufacturing 1,640,559 8.1 6.2–10.0 997,617 7.5 5.1–9.9 642,942 9.1 6.1–12.1
Beverage and tobacco product manufacturing 254,533 10.1 5.5–14.7 196,578 9.8 4.7–14.8 57,955 11.2* 2.6–19.9
Textile mills 153,257 97,138 56,119
Textile product mills 182,064 9.0 4.4–13.6 84,236 7.5* 1.3–13.7 97,828 10.3* 3.9–16.6
Apparel manufacturing 300,294 6.9* 2.8–11.0 111,434 188,860 5.9 2.4–9.3
Leather and allied product manufacturing 32,064 17,590 14,475
Wood product manufacturing 496,446 8.3 5.7–10.9 399,331 7.7 4.6–10.9 97,116 10.6 5.2–16.1
Paper manufacturing 420,021 5.8 2.8–8.9 335,243 4.7 2.1–7.3 84,778 10.2* 2.4–18.0
Printing and related support activities 661,067 7.8 5.4–10.2 452,135 6.6 3.9–9.4 208,932 10.4 5.9–15.0
Petroleum and coal products manufacturing 145,545 117,583 27,963
Chemical manufacturing 1,077,030 9.9 7.9–12.0 708,513 7.9 5.4–10.4 368,517 13.8 10.0–17.6
Plastics and rubber products manufacturing 613,195 10.4 7.1–13.6 429,467 8.5 4.6–12.3 183,727 14.8 8.2–21.4
Nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing 427,148 9.0 5.9–12.1 346,140 9.4 5.7–13.0 81,008 7.3* 1.7–12.8
Primary metal manufacturing 582,546 7.6 4.4–10.8 483,713 6.0 3.3–8.7 98,834 15.6* 2.7–28.5
Fabricated metal product manufacturing 1,192,014 7.2 5.3–9.2 979,608 6.8 4.4–9.3 212,407 9.0 4.4–13.7
Machinery manufacturing 1,180,864 6.9 5.2–8.7 930,384 6.9 4.9–8.9 250,479 7.0 3.5–10.5
Computer and electronic product manufacturing 1,184,677 9.8 7.4–12.1 806,672 10.1 7.1–13.2 378,005 9.0 5.7–12.3
Electrical equipment, appliance, and component manufacturing 435,146 11.6 6.9–16.3 290,146 8.1 4.2–11.9 145,000 18.7* 6.9–30.5
Transportation equipment manufacturing 2,000,534 9.4 7.9–11.0 1,536,264 9.1 7.4–10.9 464,270 10.5 7.5–13.5
Furniture and related product manufacturing 569,204 7.3 4.6–10.0 424,177 7.4 4.2–10.6 145,027 7.1* 1.9–12.2
Miscellaneous manufacturing 1,129,782 9.4 7.2–11.5 673,713 7.8 5.2–10.3 456,069 11.8 8.2–15.4
Wholesale Trade
Merchant wholesalers, durable goods 2,048,004 10.6 9.0–12.3 1,523,269 9.5 7.6–11.4 524,735 13.9 10.3–17.5
Merchant wholesalers, nondurable goods 1,832,926 8.1 6.6–9.7 1,286,334 7.2 5.4–9.0 546,592 10.4 7.4–13.5
Non-specified wholesale trade 34,181 23,623 10,558
Retail Trade
Motor vehicle and parts dealers 1,733,823 8.5 6.7–10.3 1,432,737 7.7 5.8–9.6 301,087 12.1 7.0–17.1
Furniture and home furnishings stores 532,896 11.7 8.1–15.3 320,769 8.2 4.4–12.0 212,127 17.0 10.3–23.7
Electronics and appliance stores 590,657 13.8 9.8–17.7 429,832 13.8 8.7–18.9 160,826 13.8 7.6–20.1
Building material and garden equipment and supplies dealers 1,229,338 10.0 7.8–12.1 840,127 8.8 6.2–11.5 389,211 12.5 8.6–16.4
Food and beverage stores 2,705,058 10.7 8.8–12.6 1,301,426 10.1 7.5–12.8 1,403,632 11.2 8.5–13.9
Health and personal care stores 1,092,784 11.7 8.9–14.4 369,950 9.7 5.4–14.0 722,834 12.7 9.1–16.2
Gasoline stations 446,793 15.3 10.8–19.8 218,642 13.5 6.3–20.7 228,152 17.0 11.6–22.5
Clothing and clothing accessories stores 1,061,561 12.7 10.1–15.3 332,145 9.6 5.3–14.0 729,416 14.1 10.9–17.4
Sporting goods, camera, hobby, book and music stores 672,262 11.2 8.4–13.9 322,665 12.7 8.4–16.9 349,598 9.8 6.2–13.4
General merchandise stores 2,649,191 12.7 11.1–14.3 986,662 12.9 9.8–16.0 1,662,529 12.6 10.6–14.6
Miscellaneous store retailers 1,037,743 12.8 10.0–15.5 376,854 14.2 9.3–19.1 660,890 12.0 8.8–15.1
Nonstore retailers and non-specified retail trade 780,124 13.3 10.5–16.1 406,769 10.2 6.5–14.0 373,355 16.6 12.4–20.8
Transportation and Warehousing
Transportation (including support activities for transportation) 3,923,650 9.1 8.0–10.3 3,051,508 7.8 6.5–9.0 872,142 13.9 11.2–16.6
Postal service, couriers, and messengers 1,454,382 11.2 9.1–13.3 974,361 9.3 7.0–11.7 480,020 15.0 10.8–19.2
Warehousing and storage 392,667 9.9 6.1–13.6 279,638 7.6 3.5–11.8 113,028 15.4 7.0–23.8
Information
Publishing (except internet) 767,347 11.9 9.3–14.5 406,801 10.4 7.1–13.8 360,545 13.6 9.3–17.9
Motion picture and sound recording 395,611 18.1 13.1–23.1 279,328 14.2 9.0–19.4 116,283 27.4 17.2–37.7
Broadcasting and telecommunications 1,895,924 13.2 11.2–15.2 1,210,028 12.4 9.7–15.1 685,896 14.5 11.2–17.8
Information services and data processing 293,045 11.9 7.2–16.6 83,650 11.2* 2.7–19.6 209,395 12.2 6.6–17.8
Finance and Insurance
Monetary authorities — central bank 1,791,062 11.1 9.3–13.0 617,792 12.2 8.6–15.7 1,173,270 10.6 8.3–12.8
Credit intermediation and related activities 1,206,843 14.2 11.8–16.6 496,123 10.7 7.4–14.0 710,720 16.6 13.2–20.0
Securities, commodity contracts, and other financial investments and related activities 1,085,603 9.9 7.7–12.2 639,104 9.7 6.7–12.8 446,499 10.2 6.8–13.7
Insurance carriers and related activities 2,379,017 12.0 10.5–13.4 968,483 9.3 7.0–11.6 1,410,534 13.8 11.8–15.8
Real Estate and Rental and Leasing
Real estate 2,396,385 10.4 9.0–11.9 1,246,657 9.4 7.3–11.5 1,149,728 11.6 9.5–13.6
Rental and leasing services 337,317 15.2 10.0–20.4 220,784 12.3 6.4–18.3 116,533 20.6 10.6–30.7
Lessors of nonfinancial intangible assets (except copyrighted works) 155,180 12.4* 5.0–19.8 123,647 13.9* 4.9–22.9 31,533
Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services 8,936,729 11.4 10.5–12.3 5,160,223 10.5 9.3–11.6 3,776,506 12.7 11.3–14.0
Management of Companies and Enterprises 101,065 54,681 46,385
Administrative & Support and Waste Management & Remediation Services 5,790,053 10.4 9.4–11.4 3,542,042 8.5 7.3–9.7 2,248,012 13.4 11.7–15.1
Education Services 13,160,030 12.2 11.5–12.9 4,113,551 11.0 9.8–12.2 9,046,479 12.8 12.0–13.6
Health Care and Social Assistance
Ambulatory health care services 6,513,280 12.7 11.7–13.7 1,578,138 11.6 9.6–13.7 4,935,142 13.0 11.9–14.1
Hospitals 5,567,058 12.1 11.1–13.2 1,284,474 11.6 9.2–14.1 4,282,584 12.3 11.1–13.4
Nursing and residential care facilities 2,430,453 13.7 12.0–15.5 406,234 13.0 8.3–17.7 2,024,219 13.9 12.0–15.8
Social assistance 3,062,737 14.7 13.2–16.2 435,932 15.1 10.0–20.2 2,626,806 14.6 13.1–16.1
Arts, Entertainment, and Recreation
Performing arts, spectator sports, and related industries 759,839 13.3 10.1–16.5 456,982 11.5 7.3–15.8 302,857 15.9 11.0–20.8
Museums, historical sites, and similar institutions 351,698 9.8 6.1–13.5 186,106 9.0 4.3–13.8 165,592 10.6 4.7–16.4
Amusement, gambling, and recreation 1,635,569 11.3 9.1–13.5 907,552 10.3 7.4–13.1 728,017 12.6 9.4–15.9
Accommodation and Food Services
Accommodation 1,318,951 11.9 9.7–14.2 545,688 12.1 8.6–15.6 773,263 11.8 9.0–14.7
Food services and drinking places 7,147,664 11.9 10.8–12.9 3,367,951 10.6 9.0–12.3 3,779,714 13.0 11.6–14.4
Other Services (except Public Administration)
Repair and maintenance 2,083,689 7.6 6.1–9.1 1,794,168 7.8 6.1–9.4 289,520 6.4 3.3–9.4
Personal services (barber shops, beauty salons, nail salons, laundry, funeral homes and cemeteries) 1,997,487 10.1 8.5–11.8 581,967 7.2 4.5–9.8 1,415,519 11.4 9.3–13.5
Religious, grantmaking, civic, labor, professional, and similar organizations 1,981,661 12.3 10.5–14.0 979,754 10.0 7.6–12.4 1,001,907 14.5 12.0–17.0
Private households 853,374 11.7 9.0–14.4 59,808 793,566 12.3 9.4–15.2
Public Administration 6,944,968 10.9 10.0–11.9 3,776,184 9.4 8.1–10.6 3,168,785 12.8 11.4–14.2
Armed Forces 137,734 12.0* 4.7–19.3 89,520 8.2* 0.8–15.7 48,215 19.0* 3.4–34.7
Refused, Not Ascertained, Don’t Know 4,078,112 5.1 4.2–5.9 2,328,923 4.7 3.5–5.9 1,749,189 5.5 4.3–6.7
TOTAL 140,622,699 10.7 10.4–10.9 75,289,461 9.1 8.8–9.4 65,333,230 12.5 12.1–12.8

* Estimates with a relative standard error >30% and ≤50% are statistically unstable due to small sample size and should be used with caution as they do not meet the standards of reliability.

† Estimates with a relative standard error of >50% are suppressed.

– No estimates due to no cases or no respondents.

Note:

Numbers presented are average annual estimates for the period 2004–2011. Prevalence estimates are weighted and are not age-adjusted. Estimated totals may not add up due to rounding/suppression.

Life time asthma is defined as those who have ever been told by a doctor or other health professional that they had asthma. Working adults are those who were employed in the week prior to the survey. Estimated populations represent current U.S. workers aged ≥18 years.

See Appendix for more details.

Source:

National Center for Health Statistics National Health Interview Surveys 2004 to 2011.

Citation:

NIOSH 2015. Work-Related Lung Disease Surveillance System (eWoRLD). 2015-882 U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Respiratory Health Division, Morgantown, WV. Available at: <https://wwwn.cdc.gov/eworld/Data/882> December 6, 2016.

Reference Number: 2015-882

Date Posted: October 2015

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