Each day, many of these workers suffer injury, disability, and death from workplace incidents. In 2012, more than 4,383 U.S. workers diedExternal Web Site Icon from occupational injuries. Although difficult to enumerate, annually about 49,000 deaths are attributed to work-related illnesses. In 2012, an estimated 3.8 million workers in private industry and state and local government had a nonfatalExternal Web Site Icon occupational injury or illness. In 2011 an estimated 2.9 million workers were treated in emergency departments for occupational injuries and illnesses, and approximately 150,000 of these workers were hospitalized (NIOSH, unpublished data, 2013).