NOTE: A surveillance case definition is a set of uniform criteria used to define a disease for public health surveillance. Surveillance case definitions enable public health officials to classify and count cases consistently across reporting jurisdictions. Surveillance case definitions are not intended to be used by healthcare providers for making a clinical diagnosis or determining how to meet an individual patient’s health needs.
An illness of variable severity caused by the protozoan parasite Cyclospora cayetanensis. The most common symptom is watery diarrhea. Other common symptoms include loss of appetite, weight loss, abdominal cramps/bloating, nausea, body aches, and fatigue. Vomiting and lowgrade fever also may be noted.
Laboratory-confirmed cyclosporiasis shall be defined as the detection of Cyclospora organisms or DNA in stool, intestinal fluid/aspirate, or intestinal biopsy specimens.
A case that meets the clinical description and that is epidemiologically linked to a confirmed case.
A case that meets the clinical description and at least one of the criteria for laboratory confirmation as described above.