In adults, invasive disease caused by Listeria monocytogenes manifests most commonly as meningitis or bacteremia; infection during pregnancy may result in fetal loss through miscarriage or stillbirth, or neonatal meningitis or bacteremia. Other manifestations can also be observed.
A clinically compatible case that is laboratory-confirmed
The usefulness of other laboratory methods such as fluorescent antibody testing or polymerase chain reaction to diagnose invasive listeriosis has not been established. The 2000 case definition appearing on this page was re-published in the 2003 CSTE position statement 03-ID-01 and in the 2009 CSTE position statement 09-ID-46. Thus, the case definitions in CSTE position statements 99-ID-03, 03-ID-01, and 09-ID-46 are identical.