NOTE: A surveillance case definition is a set of uniform criteria used to define a disease for public health surveillance. Surveillance case definitions enable public health officials to classify and count cases consistently across reporting jurisdictions. Surveillance case definitions are not intended to be used by healthcare providers for making a clinical diagnosis or determining how to meet an individual patient’s health needs.
Staphylococcus aureus can produce a variety of syndromes with clinical manifestations including skin and soft tissue infections, empyema, bloodstream infection, pneumonia, osteomyelitis, septic arthritis, endocarditis, sepsis, and meningitis. S. aureus may also colonize individuals who remain asymptomatic. The most frequent site of S. aureus colonization is the nares.
A case of vancomycin-intermediate or vancomycin-resistant S. aureus that is laboratory-confirmed (MIC=4-8 µg/ml for VISA and MIC≥16 µg/ml for VRSA).
The 2007 case definition appearing on this page was re-published in the 2009 CSTE position statement 09-ID-58 and 09-ID-59. Thus, the 2007 and 2010 versions of the case definition are identical.