This study focuses on the prevalence and identification of kidney disease among WTC Health Program patients and assessment of kidney disease in a multi-factorial manner. The first aim is to correlate kidney dysfunction with 9/11 exposure. Secondly, we propose that a well-established WTC-related condition, obstructive sleep apnea, is independently associated with kidney disease. Lastly, we would explore potential mechanisms and phenotypes of kidney disease in WTC Health program participants. Successful completion of the research would address a critical knowledge gap regarding risk of kidney damage among this group, and would inform future mechanistic studies with the potential to impact prevention.
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