Source: U.S. Fire Administration (USFA) microdata files.
On-duty Fatalities: USFA fire fighter fatality data include on-duty deaths of paid and volunteer fire fighters, local and municipal fire fighters, government fire personnel, prison inmates on firefighting crews, and civilian and military personnel assigned to fire suppression activities. Activities may include operations at a fire or non-fire incident, responding to/from an incident, completing other officially assigned duties (e.g., training, maintenance, inspection), and on standby duty. With the December 2003 passage of the Hometown Heroes Survivor Benefits Act, fire fighter heart attack and stroke related deaths that occurred within 24 hours of qualifying on-duty activities have been included as on-duty deaths. From 2004 through 2012, an average of 14 “Hometown Hero” qualifying firefighter deaths occurred per year.
Graphed data are based on year of incident, not year of death. Data are updated as new information is obtained. Data displayed may not match fatality totals published by USFA or other data sources because of data updates, corrections, or inclusion criteria. Data are subject to change without notice.
NIOSH's Fire Fighter Fatality Investigation
& Prevention Program conducts investigations of select work-related fire
fighter deaths. In an interactive map format, this site identifies fire fighter deaths that have "pending" or "completed"
investigations. Completed investigations have links to final reports. Fatality data from the U.S. Fire Administration (USFA)
are shown in the interactive map for the investigated deaths as well as all other fire fighter deaths.
The data can also be formatted in tabular data views.
Data have not been updated since NIOSH began maximal teleworking in 2020.
(if checked, more criteria are available)
Incident characteristics (USFA)
Selecting specific search criteria by checking selection boxes or using the pull-down
lists modifies the data displayed on the map and in the statistics and case listing
views. The Fire Fighter Fatality counter will display the number of fatalities meeting
the specific search criteria selected. Definitions of the search criteria are available
at the Detailed Tech Info page.
Important Note: The "Incident Characteristics (USFA)" search criteria
are based on fatal event characteristics as provided to NIOSH by USFA. On occasion
NIOSH may edit selected data such as incident location to correct nonconforming
data. However, the USFA data have not been compared to data collected during NIOSH
investigations nor edited to match final NIOSH report data.
This Fire Fighter Fatality Map application combines information about NIOSH fatality
investigations with incident data from the U.S. Fire Administration (USFA) to: (1)
identify fire fighter fatalities being investigated by NIOSH; (2) identify completed
investigations with links to final NIOSH reports, and (3) provide interactive map,
tabular statistics, and case listing access to data on all U.S. fire fighter on-duty
Data are updated as new information is made available to NIOSH. When NIOSH decides
to investigate a fatal incident, the map status indicator is changed to "pending."
Only selected incidents are investigated. When NIOSH releases an investigation report
the map status indicator is changed to "completed" and the report is linked.
The application’s search capabilities allow users to focus on specific characteristics
or types of fatality investigations. The multiple data views provide a wide spectrum
of possible uses for a broad audience. However, because of limitations in the fatal
incident location data the site is not intended for advanced geospatial analyses.
NIOSH investigations: The NIOSH Fire Fighter Fatality Investigation and Prevention Program investigates
selected fatal incidents and produces a final report with safety recommendations.
Pending and completed NIOSH investigations are matched to the USFA incident data
and indicated in the map and case listing views. Completed NIOSH investigative reports
are linked via map info windows and the case listing.
Incident data: Fatality incident data displayed in the map and
other data views are derived from the USFA. The statistics view provides tables of fire fighter characteristics
and incident data that may be subset by NIOSH investigation status. Data displayed
may not match fatality information published by USFA or other data sources because
of data updates, corrections, or inclusion criteria.
Although NIOSH gratefully acknowledges the assistance of the USFA in providing data
used in this mapping application, the site is independent of the USFA, and there
is no implied or expressed endorsement of the content, results, or presentation
format by the USFA.
Map locations: All fatality locations are approximate. Map markers
indicate the location of fatal events based on the best available geographic information.
When exact event location information is not available, the center of a zip
code area, location of the fire department, the nearest city, or the
geographic center of the state may be indicated. Where possible, obvious missing
or erroneous geocoding data have been corrected to a more appropriate location by
Search Criteria: By selecting specific case characteristics using
the right-hand check boxes and pull-down lists, the map, statistics, and case listing
views will include only deaths matching your search criteria.
The Map: Markers appear based on the search criteria used. Yellow
markers indicate an ongoing NIOSH investigation. Blue markers indicate a completed
NIOSH investigation. Red markers indicate other on-duty fire fighter deaths that
are not currently being investigated by NIOSH. Purple multiple fatality markers
indicate deaths with the same location attribute, but the deaths may not have occurred
at the same time. Clicking on a marker expands an informational window showing the
NIOSH investigation status with a link to the final investigation report, if available,
and describing the deceased firefighter and the fatal incident.
Statistics: By selecting 1 or 2 categories in the fatality counts
field a table of descriptive statistics is displayed for deaths matching your search
Case Listing: A simplified listing of all deaths meeting your search
criteria is displayed. The listing includes NIOSH investigation status indicators
and links to completed reports.
More help details...
The deaths listed below have the same location attribute. The location may not reflect
where the incident occurred and the deaths may have occurred in one or more incidents.
The incident month and year and the sex, rank, and age of the fire fighter are provided
in the list. Clicking on an individual case in the list opens a detailed info window
for that case.
A yellow marker preceding a case indicates a pending NIOSH investigation. A blue
marker indicates a completed NIOSH investigation. A final report link appears in
the detailed info window for that case.
Multiple fatality markers are used when 2 or more deaths are listed as occurring
at or near the same location (see Technical Info for why this occurs). The marker information window displays
a list of deaths with the same location attribute, although the deaths may have
occurred in one or more incidents. The incident month and year and the sex, rank,
and age of the fire fighter are provided in the list. Clicking on an individual
case in the list opens a detailed info window for that case.
Pending NIOSH Investigation
Link to Completed Investigation Report
The statistics table displays data only for those fatalities meeting your specific data search criteria. With the exception of NIOSH Investigation Status and the NIOSH medical/trauma completed investigation case classifications, all fatality characteristics displayed in the table are based on the incident characteristics provided by the USFA.
If a variable subcategory is not displayed in the table, no deaths meeting those characteristics were found. For example, selecting "Sex" as a table variable to display may only result in "Male" deaths being listed because no female firefighters died during the year selected.
CAUTION—IMPORTANT NOTE: "NIOSH investigation medical" or "NIOSH investigation trauma" may be selected as a display variable even if you do not simultaneously have the Search Criteria "NIOSH Investigations" checked and "Status" set to "Completed." However, the data displayed will only include fatalities with completed NIOSH investigations. Thus, the number of Fire Fighter Fatalities displayed in the Search Criteria block rarely will match the number of deaths listed in the table. Also, individual deaths may be assigned one or more medical or trauma classifications. Therefore, subtotals are not provided and should not be calculated independently.