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Current asthma: Estimated prevalence among former cigarette smokers by occupation and sex, U.S. working adults aged ≥18 years, NHIS 2004–2011

OccupationTotalMaleFemale
Estimated PopulationPrevalence (%)95% Confidence IntervalEstimated PopulationPrevalence (%)95% Confidence IntervalEstimated PopulationPrevalence (%)95% Confidence Interval
Management
Chief executives; general and operations managers; legislators 518,030 5.4 2.8–7.9 407,331 4.1* 1.7–6.6 110,699 9.9* 1.9–17.8
Advertising, marketing, promotions, public relations, and sales managers 159,429 6.6* 1.3–11.8 97,710 6.8* 1.2–12.4 61,719
Operations specialties managers 571,583 7.2 4.5–9.9 327,512 6.0 3.0–9.0 244,071 8.9 4.5–13.2
Other management occupations 1,773,378 7.5 5.8–9.2 1,176,164 6.5 4.6–8.4 597,214 9.5 6.0–13.0
Business and Financial Operations
Business operations specialists 703,509 8.7 5.8–11.5 346,368 4.4 1.8–7.1 357,141 12.8 7.9–17.7
Financial specialists 584,775 6.0 3.9–8.1 278,566 3.3* 1.0–5.7 306,209 8.4 5.0–11.8
Computer and Mathematical
Computer specialists 672,015 8.3 5.3–11.3 521,488 7.1 4.0–10.2 150,527 12.5* 4.6–20.4
Mathematical science occupations 31,777 13,463 18,314
Architecture and Engineering
Architects, surveyors, and cartographers 49,631 42,251 7,380
Engineers 360,699 4.0* 1.5–6.6 333,224 4.4* 1.6–7.1 27,475
Drafters, engineering, and mapping technicians 155,186 4.9* 1.1–8.7 143,381 5.3* 1.2–9.4 11,806
Life, Physical, and Social Science
Life scientists 85,659 54,435 31,224
Physical scientists 64,450 13.0* 3.3–22.6 46,541 17,909 21.7* 1.0–42.4
Social scientists and related workers 117,730 8.0* 2.8–13.1 48,996 68,734 8.0* 2.1–13.9
Life, physical, and social science technicians 60,696 9.8* 0.5–19.1 41,752 18,944 23.9* 1.3–46.4
Community and Social Services
Counselors, social workers, and other community and social service specialists 365,732 9.6 5.9–13.2 106,087 7.6* 1.0–14.2 259,645 10.4 6.0–14.8
Religious workers 113,725 90,370 23,355
Legal
Lawyers, judges, and related workers 236,581 8.4 4.0–12.8 158,596 6.6* 1.5–11.7 77,985 11.9* 3.5–20.4
Legal support workers 125,677 4.2* 0.5–7.9 32,414 93,263 5.7* 0.7–10.6
Education, Training, and Library
Postsecondary teachers 260,781 7.9 4.5–11.3 136,553 8.1* 3.0–13.3 124,229 7.7* 2.6–12.8
Primary, secondary, and special education school teachers 805,821 9.4 6.9–11.8 187,432 5.3* 1.4–9.3 618,389 10.6 7.7–13.5
Other teachers and instructors 137,971 6.9* 2.6–11.3 62,152 75,819 10.4* 3.0–17.9
Librarians, curators, and archivists 58,550 11.4* 2.5–20.2 11,014 47,536 12.4* 2.2–22.7
Other education, training, and library occupations 184,349 13.4 7.3–19.5 17,425 166,924 14.8 8.2–21.5
Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media
Art and design workers 246,192 7.0 2.9–11.1 128,705 117,487 7.7* 2.5–13.0
Entertainers and performers, sports and related workers 116,826 5.1* 0.9–9.2 79,537 37,289
Media and communication workers 157,550 10.7 5.3–16.1 81,659 5.3* 0.7–9.8 75,892 16.5* 6.7–26.4
Media and communication equipment workers 60,942 36,302 24,639
Healthcare Practitioners and Technical
Health diagnosing and treating practitioners 896,607 9.3 6.8–11.7 258,473 3.0* 0.5–5.5 638,134 11.8 8.7–15.0
Health technologists and technicians 391,505 10.8 6.9–14.8 92,462 299,043 13.6 8.5–18.7
Other healthcare practitioners and technical 12,391 8,253 4,139
Healthcare Support
Nursing, psychiatric, and home health aides 253,547 14.5 10.0–19.1 48,206 205,341 17.0 11.4–22.5
Occupational and physical therapist assistants and aides 6,234 nc nc 5,640
Other healthcare support occupations 176,169 6.6 3.0–10.2 26,844 149,325 7.4 3.2–11.6
Protective Service
First-line supervisors/managers, protective service workers 67,926 55,487 12,439
Fire fighting and prevention workers 65,381 63,235 2,146
Law enforcement workers 235,113 4.9* 1.7–8.2 191,497 5.7* 1.8–9.6 43,616
Other protective service workers 215,461 7.8 3.7–12.0 175,250 6.4* 1.9–10.9 40,211 14.1* 3.8–24.3
Food Preparation and Serving Related
Supervisors, food preparation, and serving workers 149,436 10.5* 4.2–16.7 89,681 9.0* 1.5–16.4 59,755 12.7* 1.9–23.5
Cooks and food preparation workers 309,473 4.8 2.5–7.1 164,773 3.6* 0.6–6.5 144,700 6.2 2.8–9.7
Food and beverage serving working 322,580 9.5 5.2–13.9 112,341 210,239 11.3 5.7–16.9
Other food preparation and serving related workers 77,240 44,876 32,364
Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance
Supervisors, building and grounds cleaning and maintenance workers 111,384 10.1* 2.8–17.4 93,572 17,812 29.8* 5.6–53.9
Building cleaning and pest control workers 616,081 9.2 6.5–11.9 360,654 7.5 4.4–10.6 255,427 11.6 6.5–16.7
Grounds maintenance workers 232,893 6.7* 1.7–11.6 212,728 7.2* 1.8–12.6 20,165
Personal Care and Service
Supervisors, personal care and service workers 25,981 5,538 20,443
Animal care and service workers 39,612 12,053 27,559
Entertainment attendants and related workers 45,304 21.6* 1.0–42.1 33,335 26.8* 0.5–53.1 11,969
Funeral service workers nc nc nc nc
Personal appearance workers 197,885 7.3* 2.9–11.7 27,577 170,308 7.9* 2.9–12.9
Transportation, tourism, and lodging attendants 32,616 21,515 11,101
Other personal care and service workers 379,253 6.7 4.1–9.4 43,300 335,953 7.6 4.6–10.5
Sales and Related
Supervisors, sales workers 745,778 5.0 3.1–6.9 503,214 3.1 1.3–4.9 242,564 8.8 4.1–13.6
Retail sales workers 889,791 5.9 3.9–7.8 412,663 3.1* 1.0–5.2 477,129 8.2 5.2–11.3
Sales representatives, services 405,825 3.5 1.5–5.4 268,524 2.6* 0.4–4.8 137,301 5.1* 1.2–9.1
Sales representatives, wholesale and manufacturing 276,605 5.0* 1.7–8.4 222,609 5.8* 1.7–9.9 53,996
Other sales and related workers 399,735 5.9 3.5–8.4 208,276 4.5* 1.4–7.6 191,458 7.5 3.6–11.4
Office and Administrative Support
Supervisors, office and administrative support workers 318,668 10.7 6.7–14.7 98,079 220,589 13.2 8.0–18.5
Communications equipment operators 11,588 nc nc 9,032
Financial clerks 559,401 12.0 7.4–16.6 79,894 7.7* 0.4–15.0 479,507 12.7 7.6–17.9
Information and record clerks 815,076 7.5 5.4–9.6 195,263 5.7* 0.8–10.6 619,813 8.1 5.8–10.4
Material recording, scheduling, dispatching, and distributing workers 600,427 8.3 5.6–11.0 382,043 5.8 3.1–8.4 218,384 12.7 6.6–18.7
Secretaries and administrative assistants 570,870 9.1 6.2–11.9 33,888 536,982 9.5 6.5–12.5
Other office and administrative support workers 467,984 9.1 6.1–12.0 111,159 356,824 11.0 7.3–14.6
Farming, Fishing, and Forestry
Supervisors, farming, fishing, and forestry workers 19,776 18,184 nc nc
Agricultural workers 106,968 92,438 14,530
Fishing and hunting workers 11,278 11,278 nc nc
Forest, conservation, and logging workers 8,752 8,752 nc nc
Construction and Extraction
Supervisors, construction and extraction workers 183,304 181,626 1,678
Construction trades workers 1,287,215 4.4 3.0–5.8 1,258,568 4.1 2.7–5.4 28,647 18.3* 1.8–34.8
Helpers, construction trades 9,087 9,087 nc nc
Other construction and related workers 92,903 92,485 nc nc
Extraction workers 27,169 27,169 nc nc
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair
Supervisors of installation, maintenance, and repair workers 96,003 4.9* 0.6–9.2 92,103 nc nc
Electrical and electronic equipment mechanics, installers, and repairers 197,354 177,306 20,048
Vehicle and mobile equipment mechanics, installers, and repairers 395,795 2.2* 0.6–3.7 393,658 2.2* 0.6–3.8 2,137
Other installation, maintenance, and repair occupations 518,450 5.9 2.9–8.9 506,674 6.0 2.9–9.1 11,776
Production
Supervisors, production workers 205,592 5.3* 1.1–9.5 176,336 4.8* 0.3–9.3 29,256
Assemblers and fabricators 237,270 5.8* 2.3–9.2 164,274 72,996 11.2* 2.9–19.5
Food processing workers 70,182 8.9* 2.1–15.6 47,130 9.5* 0.8–18.1 23,052
Metal workers and plastic workers 382,965 6.3 3.6–9.0 343,589 6.5 3.6–9.3 39,376
Printing workers 88,746 7.1* 1.3–12.9 65,795 22,951
Textile, apparel, and furnishings workers 118,158 58,624 59,534
Woodworkers 32,002 30,947 1,055
Plant and system operators 75,717 73,409 2,308
Other production occupations 576,520 5.1 3.1–7.2 433,985 3.9 2.0–5.9 142,535 8.8* 3.3–14.3
Transportation and Material Moving
Supervisors, transportation and material moving workers 52,655 38,783 13,872
Air transportation workers 40,619 32,133 8,487 34.8* 1.0–68.7
Motor vehicle operators 974,404 4.7 3.2–6.1 863,430 3.7 2.2–5.1 110,974 12.5 5.9–19.1
Rail transportation workers 21,767 20,260 nc nc
Water transportation workers 9,296 9,296 nc nc
Other transportation workers 43,221 33,115 nc nc
Material moving workers 514,387 4.5 2.3–6.6 455,727 3.7 1.6–5.7 58,661 11.1* 1.4–20.8
Millitary 38,272 24,273 13,999
Refused, Not Ascertained, Don’t Know 484,798 2.9 1.4–4.5 312,038 2.1* 0.4–3.9 172,760 4.3* 1.2–7.4
TOTAL 26,626,600 6.9 6.5–7.3 15,725,229 4.7 4.3–5.1 10,901,371 10.0 9.3–10.7

nc - not calculated

* Estimates with a relative standard error of >30% and ≤50% are statistically unstable due to small sample size and should be used with caution as they do not meet the standards of reliability.

† Estimates with a relative standard error of >50% are suppressed.

– No estimates due to no cases or no respondents.

Note:

Numbers presented are average annual estimates for the period 2004–2011. Prevalence estimates are weighted and are not age-adjusted. Estimated totals may not add up due to rounding/suppression.

Current asthma is defined as those who have ever been told by a doctor or other health professional that they had asthma and currently still have asthma at the time of the survey. Former cigarette smokers are those who reported smoking ≥100 cigarettes in their lifetime and at the time of the interview did not smoke. Working adults are those who were employed in the week prior to the survey. Estimated populations represent current U.S. workers aged ≥18 years.

See Appendix for more details.

Source:

National Center for Health Statistics National Health Interview Surveys 2004 to 2011.

Citation:

NIOSH 2015. Work-Related Lung Disease Surveillance System (eWoRLD). 2015-872 U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Respiratory Health Division, Morgantown, WV. Available at: <https://wwwn.cdc.gov/eworld/Data/872> August 16, 2018.

Reference Number: 2015-872

Date Posted: October 2015

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