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Lifetime asthma: Estimated prevalence among former cigarette smokers by occupation and sex, U.S. working adults aged ≥18 years, NHIS 2004–2011

OccupationTotalMaleFemale
Estimated PopulationPrevalence (%)95% Confidence IntervalEstimated PopulationPrevalence (%)95% Confidence IntervalEstimated PopulationPrevalence (%)95% Confidence Interval
Management
Chief executives; general and operations managers; legislators 518,030 10.8 6.5–15.2 407,331 9.5 4.3–14.6 110,699 15.9 6.9–24.8
Advertising, marketing, promotions, public relations, and sales managers 159,429 9.4* 3.5–15.3 97,710 9.6* 3.0–16.1 61,719
Operations specialties managers 571,583 14.9 10.8–19.1 327,512 13.5 8.4–18.6 244,071 16.8 10.1–23.5
Other management occupations 1,773,378 11.8 9.8–13.8 1,176,164 11.0 8.6–13.5 597,214 13.3 9.6–17.0
Business and Financial Operations
Business operations specialists 703,509 13.4 10.0–16.9 346,368 9.3 5.1–13.6 357,141 17.4 12.1–22.8
Financial specialists 584,775 11.3 8.3–14.3 278,566 10.1 5.4–14.8 306,209 12.4 8.6–16.2
Computer and Mathematical
Computer specialists 672,015 13.3 9.9–16.7 521,488 11.8 8.1–15.5 150,527 18.6 9.7–27.5
Mathematical science occupations 31,777 13,463 18,314
Architecture and Engineering
Architects, surveyors, and cartographers 49,631 42,251 7,380
Engineers 360,699 9.7 6.3–13.1 333,224 10.4 6.7–14.0 27,475
Drafters, engineering, and mapping technicians 155,186 8.2 3.4–13.0 143,381 8.9 3.7–14.1 11,806
Life, Physical, and Social Science
Life scientists 85,659 8.7* 1.7–15.8 54,435 31,224 18.6* 2.8–34.3
Physical scientists 64,450 17.8* 7.2–28.3 46,541 14.7* 2.6–26.7 17,909 25.8* 4.2–47.5
Social scientists and related workers 117,730 15.2 8.0–22.4 48,996 17.5* 4.9–30.1 68,734 13.6* 5.0–22.2
Life, physical, and social science technicians 60,696 13.5* 2.2–24.9 41,752 18,944 23.9* 1.3–46.4
Community and Social Services
Counselors, social workers, and other community and social service specialists 365,732 18.4 13.4–23.4 106,087 19.6 11.0–28.2 259,645 17.9 11.8–24.0
Religious workers 113,725 9.3* 2.1–16.4 90,370 11.0* 2.1–19.9 23,355
Legal
Lawyers, judges, and related workers 236,581 15.2 9.6–20.9 158,596 14.8 7.8–21.8 77,985 16.1* 6.5–25.6
Legal support workers 125,677 13.4* 5.3–21.6 32,414 93,263 14.5* 4.9–24.1
Education, Training, and Library
Postsecondary teachers 260,781 12.8 8.6–17.0 136,553 12.9 6.5–19.3 124,229 12.7 6.2–19.2
Primary, secondary, and special education school teachers 805,821 13.2 10.4–15.9 187,432 10.0 5.1–14.8 618,389 14.1 10.8–17.5
Other teachers and instructors 137,971 13.2* 5.0–21.5 62,152 75,819 20.6* 8.3–32.8
Librarians, curators, and archivists 58,550 13.9* 4.5–23.4 11,014 47,536 13.7* 3.2–24.2
Other education, training, and library occupations 184,349 16.2 9.6–22.9 17,425 166,924 17.1 9.9–24.3
Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media
Art and design workers 246,192 11.9 6.7–17.0 128,705 10.6* 2.9–18.2 117,487 13.2 6.3–20.2
Entertainers and performers, sports and related workers 116,826 7.9* 2.6–13.2 79,537 8.1* 1.4–14.7 37,289
Media and communication workers 157,550 18.8 10.7–26.9 81,659 14.5* 4.2–24.8 75,892 23.4 10.7–36.1
Media and communication equipment workers 60,942 14.7* 2.3–27.2 36,302 14.4* 0.6–28.1 24,639
Healthcare Practitioners and Technical
Health diagnosing and treating practitioners 896,607 12.2 9.6–14.8 258,473 5.7* 2.1–9.3 638,134 14.9 11.5–18.2
Health technologists and technicians 391,505 15.2 10.6–19.8 92,462 8.6* 1.5–15.7 299,043 17.2 11.7–22.7
Other healthcare practitioners and technical 12,391 8,253 4,139
Healthcare Support
Nursing, psychiatric, and home health aides 253,547 18.9 13.7–24.1 48,206 205,341 21.5 15.2–27.7
Occupational and physical therapist assistants and aides 6,234 nc nc 5,640
Other healthcare support occupations 176,169 11.0 6.1–15.9 26,844 149,325 12.4 6.7–18.1
Protective Service
First-line supervisors/managers, protective service workers 67,926 11.4* 3.1–19.8 55,487 14.0* 4.0–24.0 12,439
Fire fighting and prevention workers 65,381 63,235 2,146
Law enforcement workers 235,113 7.8 3.7–11.9 191,497 7.9 3.3–12.5 43,616
Other protective service workers 215,461 13.5 8.1–18.9 175,250 10.8 5.0–16.6 40,211 25.3 12.0–38.5
Food Preparation and Serving Related
Supervisors, food preparation, and serving workers 149,436 20.6 12.5–28.7 89,681 15.5* 6.2–24.7 59,755 28.3 14.0–42.7
Cooks and food preparation workers 309,473 11.1* 4.4–17.7 164,773 144,700 10.5 5.7–15.2
Food and beverage serving working 322,580 13.9 9.6–18.3 112,341 11.0* 3.3–18.6 210,239 15.5 10.1–20.9
Other food preparation and serving related workers 77,240 10.3* 1.3–19.4 44,876 14.7* 0.3–29.2 32,364
Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance
Supervisors, building and grounds cleaning and maintenance workers 111,384 11.3* 3.7–19.0 93,572 7.8* 0.6–15.1 17,812 29.8* 5.6–53.9
Building cleaning and pest control workers 616,081 12.6 9.6–15.6 360,654 9.6 6.1–13.1 255,427 16.9 11.2–22.6
Grounds maintenance workers 232,893 10.8 5.4–16.3 212,728 11.1 5.2–17.0 20,165
Personal Care and Service
Supervisors, personal care and service workers 25,981 5,538 20,443
Animal care and service workers 39,612 11.3* 0.8–21.8 12,053 27,559
Entertainment attendants and related workers 45,304 25.9* 5.6–46.3 33,335 32.7* 7.1–58.4 11,969
Funeral service workers nc nc nc nc nc nc
Personal appearance workers 197,885 11.4 6.2–16.7 27,577 170,308 12.3 6.4–18.3
Transportation, tourism, and lodging attendants 32,616 21,515 11,101
Other personal care and service workers 379,253 13.7 9.3–18.0 43,300 335,953 14.5 9.7–19.3
Sales and Related
Supervisors, sales workers 745,778 9.5 7.0–12.1 503,214 7.0 4.2–9.9 242,564 14.8 9.5–20.1
Retail sales workers 889,791 12.1 9.2–14.9 412,663 8.1 4.4–11.8 477,129 15.5 11.5–19.5
Sales representatives, services 405,825 8.6 5.2–12.1 268,524 9.0 4.3–13.7 137,301 7.9* 3.0–12.7
Sales representatives, wholesale and manufacturing 276,605 10.1 5.7–14.5 222,609 9.4 4.9–13.8 53,996
Other sales and related workers 399,735 10.9 7.2–14.6 208,276 9.2 4.4–14.0 191,458 12.8 7.6–17.9
Office and Administrative Support
Supervisors, office and administrative support workers 318,668 14.3 10.0–18.6 98,079 8.1* 2.4–13.8 220,589 17.0 11.4–22.6
Communications equipment operators 11,588 nc nc 9,032
Financial clerks 559,401 15.6 10.7–20.5 79,894 12.7* 1.4–24.0 479,507 16.0 10.7–21.4
Information and record clerks 815,076 12.7 10.0–15.5 195,263 12.6 6.1–19.1 619,813 12.7 9.8–15.7
Material recording, scheduling, dispatching, and distributing workers 600,427 12.3 9.1–15.6 382,043 9.7 6.0–13.4 218,384 16.9 10.3–23.4
Secretaries and administrative assistants 570,870 13.5 10.2–16.8 33,888 10.9* 0.9–21.0 536,982 13.7
Other office and administrative support workers 467,984 13.4 10.0–16.9 111,159 4.8* 0.8–8.8 356,824 16.1 12.0–20.3
Farming, Fishing, and Forestry
Supervisors, farming, fishing, and forestry workers 19,776 18,184 nc nc
Agricultural workers 106,968 6.0* 0.7–11.4 92,438 14,530 26.9* 1.7–52.1
Fishing and hunting workers 11,278 11,278 nc nc
Forest, conservation, and logging workers 8,752 8,752 nc nc
Construction and Extraction
Supervisors, construction and extraction workers 183,304 4.8* 1.0–8.7 181,626 4.9* 1.0–8.8 1,678
Construction trades workers 1,287,215 7.8 6.1–9.6 1,258,568 7.6 5.8–9.3 28,647 20.8* 3.9–37.6
Helpers, construction trades 9,087 9,087 nc nc
Other construction and related workers 92,903 11.8* 4.1–19.5 92,485 11.9* 4.1–19.6 nc nc
Extraction workers 27,169 27,169 nc nc
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair
Supervisors of installation, maintenance, and repair workers 96,003 10.9* 2.4–19.3 92,103 10.1* 1.6–18.6 nc nc
Electrical and electronic equipment mechanics, installers, and repairers 197,354 6.5* 2.5–10.6 177,306 6.2* 2.0–10.3 20,048
Vehicle and mobile equipment mechanics, installers, and repairers 395,795 5.9 3.1–8.7 393,658 5.9 3.1–8.7 2,137
Other installation, maintenance, and repair occupations 518,450 10.0 6.6–13.5 506,674 9.7 6.2–13.2 11,776
Production
Supervisors, production workers 205,592 8.1* 3.3–13.0 176,336 7.7* 2.5–12.9 29,256
Assemblers and fabricators 237,270 9.9 5.5–14.3 164,274 7.9* 3.0–12.8 72,996 14.3* 5.1–23.5
Food processing workers 70,182 13.2* 5.2–21.3 47,130 16.0* 5.2–26.8 23,052
Metal workers and plastic workers 382,965 10.8 7.2–14.4 343,589 11.2 7.3–15.2 39,376
Printing workers 88,746 12.4* 5.1–19.7 65,795 7.8* 1.0–14.6 22,951 25.5* 4.4–46.6
Textile, apparel, and furnishings workers 118,158 58,624 59,534
Woodworkers 32,002 30,947 1,055
Plant and system operators 75,717 73,409 2,308
Other production occupations 576,520 9.7 6.6–12.9 433,985 8.5 5.0–12.0 142,535 13.4 7.0–19.8
Transportation and Material Moving
Supervisors, transportation and material moving workers 52,655 38,783 13,872
Air transportation workers 40,619 14.9* 1.2–28.5 32,133 8,487 45.0*
Motor vehicle operators 974,404 8.6 6.3–10.8 863,430 7.1 4.9–9.3 110,974 19.6 11.1–28.1
Rail transportation workers 21,767 20,260 nc nc
Water transportation workers 9,296 9,296 nc nc
Other transportation workers 43,221 33,115 nc nc
Material moving workers 514,387 9.0 6.3–11.8 455,727 8.2 5.3–11.1 58,661 15.2* 5.3–25.2
Millitary 38,272 23.3* 4.6–41.9 24,273 13,999
Refused, Not Ascertained, Don’t Know 484,798 6.3 4.0–8.6 312,038 6.1 3.3–9.0 172,760 6.6* 2.5–10.7
TOTAL 26,626,600 11.5 11.0–12.0 15,725,229 9.3 8.7–9.9 10,901,371 14.8 13.9–15.6

nc - not calculated

* Estimates with a relative standard error of >30% and ≤50% are statistically unstable due to small sample size and should be used with caution as they do not meet the standards of reliability.

† Estimates with a relative standard error of >50% are suppressed.

– No estimates due to no cases or no respondents.

Note:

Numbers presented are average annual estimates for the period 2004–2011. Prevalence estimates are weighted and are not age-adjusted. Estimated totals may not add up due to rounding/suppression.

Life time asthma is defined as those who have ever been told by a doctor or other health professional that they had asthma. Former cigarette smokers are those who reported smoking ≥100 cigarettes in their lifetime and at the time of the interview did not smoke. Working adults are those who were employed in the week prior to the survey. Estimated populations represent current U.S. workers aged ≥18 years.

See Appendix for more details.

Source:

National Center for Health Statistics National Health Interview Surveys 2004 to 2011.

Citation:

NIOSH 2015. Work-Related Lung Disease Surveillance System (eWoRLD). 2015-888 U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Respiratory Health Division, Morgantown, WV. Available at: <https://wwwn.cdc.gov/eworld/Data/888> October 18, 2018.

Reference Number: 2015-888

Date Posted: October 2015

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