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ASTM International (ASTM)
Title

"Test Method for Resistance of Materials Used in Protective Clothing to Penetration by Synthetic Blood"

Description

This test method is used to evaluate the resistance of materials used in protective clothing to penetration by synthetic blood under conditions of continuous liquid contact. Protective clothing pass/fail determinations are based on visual detection of synthetic blood penetration.

Standard Type(s)
Test Method

A definitive procedure that produces a test result: Examples of test methods include, but are not limited to: identification, measurement, and evaluation of one or more qualities, characteristics, or properties. A precision and bias statement shall be reported at the end of a test method.

Personal Protective Equipment
Body Protection

All items of clothing and/or accessories (whether or not detachable) designed and manufactured to provide specific protection. This includes bullet-proof clothing, general protective clothing and full body ensembles that protect from cuts, radiation, temperature extremes, hot splashes from molten metals and other hot liquids, potential impacts from tools, machinery and materials and hazardous chemicals. Examples of body protection include laboratory coats, coveralls, vests, jackets, aprons, surgical gowns and full body suits

  • Medical protective clothing
Hazards
Biological
  • Biological
SOC Codes
29-0000 Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Occupations
  • 29-1000 Health Diagnosing and Treating Practitioners
    • 29-1011 Physicians, Chiropractic
    • 29-1141 Registered Nurses
    • 29-1190 Health Diagnosing and Treating Practitioners, Miscellaneous
Standard References
Referenced Standard

ASTM F1671 / F1671M - 13 - Standard Test Method for Resistance of Materials Used in Protective Clothing to Penetration by Blood-Borne Pathogens Using Phi-X174 Bacteriophage Penetration as a Test System

ASTM F903 - 18 - Standard Test Method for Resistance of Materials Used in Protective Clothing to Penetration by Liquids

29 CFR 1910.1030 - Bloodborne pathogens

Conformity Assessment Notes

This test method is based on Test Method F903 for measuring resistance of chemical protective clothing materials to penetration by liquids. This test method is normally used to evaluate specimens from individual finished items of protective clothing and individual samples of materials that are candidates for items of protective clothing.  Please see the full standard for complete details.

Comments

ASTM F1670 and ISO 16603 are “screening-tests” that evaluate the resistance of a material to synthetic blood penetration [ASTM 2003a; ISO 2004a]. The synthetic blood used for these tests is a mixture of cellulose, coloring, buffer solution, and stabilizing agents. Synthetic blood has a surface tension (0.042 ± 0.002 Newton per meter [N/m]) and viscosity representative of blood and some body fluids (see Table 2 for surface tension of the body fluids).

 

Within the context of gowns and coverall testing, the surface tension of the challenge liquid is critical. This is because liquids with higher surface tension, like water (0.070–0.072 N/m), are more likely to bead on a surface than liquids with lower surface tension, which are more likely to wet and penetrate through the garment. Consequently, some test methods that use water as a challenge agent may not be representative for evaluating the barrier effectiveness of the healthcare PPE and may overestimate the effectiveness of the PPE for blood-borne pathogens. Test methods evaluating the water resistance of garments will be discussed later in this document.

 

Additional References:

ASTM Standards

  • D1331 Test Methods for Surface and Interfacial Tension of Solutions of Surface-Active Agents
  • D1777 Test Method for Thickness of Textile Materials
  • D3776 Test Methods for Mass Per Unit Area (Weight) of Fabric
  • E105 Practice for Probability Sampling of Materials
  • E171 Practice for Conditioning and Testing Flexible Barrier Packaging
  • F903 Test Method for Resistance of Materials Used in Protective Clothing to Penetration by Liquids
  • F1671 Test Method for Resistance of Materials Used in Protective Clothing to Penetration by Blood-Borne Pathogens Using Phi-X174 Bacteriophage Penetration as a Test System

Military Standard

  • MIL-STD-105 Sampling Procedures and Tables for Inspection by Attributes

ANSI/ASQC Standards

  • ANSI/ASQC Z1.4 Sampling Procedures and Tables for Inspection by Attributes

ISO Standard

  • ISO 2859-1 Sampling Plans for Inspection by Attributes

OSHA Standard

  • 29 CFR Part 1910.1030 Occupational Exposure to Bloodborne Pathogens: Final Rule, Federal Register, Vol 56, No 235, Dec. 6, 1991, pp. 6175–64182.
Testing Laboratories
ICS Laboratories, Inc - Brunswic, OH, 44212
Notes

A2LA ISO/IEC 17025

Contact

Phone Number: (330) 220-0515
Email: spfriem@icslabs.com

Accreditations

ISO 17025

Scope of Accreditation

ANSI/ISEA Z87.1-2015 , ASTM F1446 - 15b , ASTM F1383 - 12e1 , ASTM F1407 - 12(2017) , ASTM F1670 / F1670M - 17a , ASTM F739 - 12e1 , ASTM F903 - 18

Akron Rubber Development Laboratory, Inc. - Akron, OH, 44322-1016
Contact

Phone Number: (330) 794-6600
Email: answers@ardl.com

Accreditations

ISO 17025

Scope of Accreditation

ASTM D5151 - 19 , ASTM D5712 - 15(2020) , ASTM D6124 - 06(2017) , ASTM F1342 / F1342M - 05(2013)e1 , ASTM F1383 - 12e1 , ASTM F1670 / F1670M - 17a , ASTM F739 - 12e1 , ASTM F903 - 18

Nelson Laboratories, Inc. - Salt Lake City, UT, 84123
Notes

FDA Registered and ANSI-ASQ National Accreditation Board/ACLASS

Contact

Phone Number: (801) 290-7500
Email: sdrosner@nelsonlabs.com

Accreditations

ISO 17025

Scope of Accreditation

ASTM D5151 - 19 , ASTM D6124 - 06(2017) , ANSI/AAMI PB70 , ASTM F1342 / F1342M - 05(2013)e1 , ASTM F1670 / F1670M - 17a , ASTM F1671 / F1671M - 13 , ASTM F1862 / F1862M - 17 , ASTM F2100 - 19e1 , ASTM F2101 - 19 , ASTM F1819 - 19 , ANSI/AAMI PB70 - Class 4 , ANSI/AAMI PB70 - Class 3

Vartest Laboratories, Inc. - New York, NY, 10018
Notes
Scope of Accreditation (A2LA):
Contact

Phone Number: (212) 947-8391
Email: avarley@vartest.com

Accreditations

ISO 17025

Scope of Accreditation

ASTM F1670 / F1670M - 17a , ASTM F903 - 18

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